1940 - Independence County Courthouse - Batesville, Ar.
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member iconions
N 35° 46.218 W 091° 39.197
15S E 621731 N 3959308
Quick Description: This two-story masonry building is located at 192 E Main Street in Batesville, Ar.
Location: Arkansas, United States
Date Posted: 4/19/2015 7:07:21 PM
Waymark Code: WMNQJ6
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member saopaulo1
Views: 0

Long Description:
This building is in good shape and is currently being used for the County Courthouse.
Date of Construction: 1940

A two-story, stone masonry institutional building with a raised basement and a Batesville marble exterior. It features a symmetrical, roughly "H"-shaped plan. The central, taller section of the building is five bays in length along the northern or Main Street elevation and accessed via a central, double-leaf entry. The lower, flanking sections are a single bay across. The eastern and western are each five bays in length. The building is fenestrated throughout with metal casement and awning windows, virtually all of which are original. It rests upon a concrete foundation and is covered with a flat roof.

The Independence County Courthouse was designed by the Little Rock architectural firm of Wittenberg and Deloney in 1940 to replace the High Victorian Gothic courthouse that had stood on the site since the 1880's but which burned in 1939 (this had been the site of the county courthouse since 1857). It was designed in the Art Deco style and remains Batesville's finest example of this style. Its symmetrical plan and elevations, coupled with the emphasis upon large areas of uninterrupted wall surface, and the spare and symmetrically-applied geometric, stylized Classical ornament render it a pure Art Deco design. The only landscape feature of note is the 1907 stone Confederate monument which was moved to this location in 1940.

- National Register Application

Independence County was the ninth county to be formed in Arkansas and was the fourth after the Arkansas territory was created. The Act creating the county passed by the Territorial legislature was signed by James Miller, governor of the Arkansas territory, on October 23, 1820. As originally formed, the county included a large area of land extending from the mouth of Little Red River to the Missouri line and included all or parts of Fulton, Baxter, Sharp, Izard, Stone, Cleburne, Van Buren, White, Jackson and Woodruff Counties. The first courthouse was built at Batesville and the county seat has remained in the town of Batesville.

The first post office at Batesville was opened as Poke Creek November 7, 1820, with Charles Kelly, the county’s first sheriff, as postmaster. The name of the office was officially changed to Batesville on January 7, 1824.

An early Arkansas settlement was established at the Batesville site. There is a record of a John Read opening a store there in 1812 and there is also an authentic record of John Luttig’s store, which had a $5,500 stock of goods at the site in 1815. Poke Bayou was visited by the writer Henry R. Schoolcraft, who described the Arkansas settlement as a village of a dozen houses in 1819.

The county grew steadily in its first forty years of existence and in 1860 had reached a population of 14,307, although the land area had been substantially reduced. Independence County was fourth in population among the state’s counties in 1860.

The county has furnished three Arkansas governors, Thomas S. Drew, Elisha Baxter and William R. Miller.

- Independence County website

Year of construction: 1940

Full inscription:
Left Side of Cornerstone Independence County Courthouse ============= Erected A.D. 1940 ============= Works Project Administration Right side of Cornerstone D.D. ADAMS JR., County Judge ============== County Commissioners C.W. BARNETT    ARCH JONES W.J. FREEZE    DESHA LESTER H.T. HANKINS    A.B. WEAVER =============== WITTENBERG & DELONY Architects

Cross-listed waymark: Not listed

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