Old Military Road - Rural Baxter County, Arkansas
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member iconions
N 36° 17.408 W 092° 19.595
15S E 560470 N 4016339
Quick Description: This small metal marker is in the extreme northwestern corner of the Hart Cemetery - near the junction of Baxter County Roads 69 and 55 in rural Baxter County, Arkansas.
Location: Arkansas, United States
Date Posted: 4/12/2015 7:38:59 PM
Waymark Code: WMNPA4
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member arkansas stickerdude
Views: 0

Long Description:
Text of the Marker:

Old Military Road

About 1800 near this spot white man established the first trail from east to west across Baxter County. Later some of the Cherokee Indians were moved to Oklahoma using this route which was known as the Trail of Tears.

They followed this road ("Old Spanish Road") south to the Current River where they crossed into Arkansas at a place today called "Indian Ford."

In Arkansas they crossed the Fouche Dumas river at Columbia Crossing, the Eleven Point River at Blacks Ferry and the Spring River at Miller's Ford. The Arkansas Gazette tells of them camping at Smithville in Lawrence County, December 12 and being in Batesville (Poke Bayou) for Wagon repairs, December 15, 1838.

Here they intersected "The Jacksonport Road." President Jackson had secured funding in 1831-32 to extend this road from Jacksonport on the White River to Van Buren "to remove Indians to the west." They would follow this road to Fayetteville where they would turn due west into Indian Territory. The writings of W.B. Flippin, who as a teenager observed their passage, document their crossing of the White River just upstream from the present day town of Cotter.

When using a 10 mile corridor (the Long Distance Trails Office uses a 20 mile corridor), better than 60% of the route of the Benge Detachment across North Arkansas can be documented. This documentation of the Benge detachment in Arkansas is supported with property deeds, newspaper accounts, land surveys from the state land office, visible depressions of the old roads identified by the state land surveys, private journals of eyewitnesses, and oral history.

- Trail of Tears Rootsweb

History of Marker:
See long description - marker describes the Military Road and the Cherokee's use of it during the Trail of Tears.

Link to Marker: Not listed

Additional Parking: Not Listed

Visit Instructions:
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