42nd Indiana Infantry Regiment Monument - Chickamauga National Military Park
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Lat34North
N 34° 56.423 W 085° 15.468
16S E 659102 N 3867817
Quick Description: This monument to the 42nd Indiana Infantry Regiment is located in the McDonald Field, across the road from the visitors center on LaFayette Road.
Location: Georgia, United States
Date Posted: 2/4/2015 12:08:59 PM
Waymark Code: WMNB4C
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member silverquill
Views: 0

Long Description:
This monument to the 42nd Indiana Infantry Regiment, commanded by Lieut. Col. W.T.B. McIntyre. is in recognition of their service during the during the Battle of Chickamauga, fought September 19–20, 1863. This monument describes the action on September 19 and 20th. There are three monuments to the 42nd Indiana Infantry Regiment on the battlefield.



Text (front):

1st Brigade Jno. Beatty
2nd Division Negley
14th Corps Thomas

42nd Indiana Infantry


Text (rear):

Indiana’s tribute
to her
Forty-Second Regiment Infantry

Lieut. Col. W.T.B. McIntyre.
First brigade (John Beatty).
Second division (Negley).
Fourteenth Corps (Thomas).

On the 19th this Regiment was at Owen’s Ford below Crawfish Springs, skirmishing all day to keep a Confederate division from crossing the Chickamauga. At 5 P.M. went to the relief of troops that were pressed near Brotherton house. Lay west of the Brotherton field that night.


Sunday the 20th at the early hour, with its brigade, moved north on the Lafayette road and reported to General Thomas; was ordered to a position on the left of General Baird; was then ordered to this position and was immediately attacked by troops of Breckinridge’s division with an overwhelming force having no support fell back and re-formed on the hills west of this position, and thence withdrew to Rossville under orders from general Negley.


Loss: killed 4; wounded 22; missing 53; total 109.





From the NRHP nomination form:

  Structure Number: MT-807(see note)
  LCS ID: 008797




Historical Significance:

  National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
  National Register Date:
11/24/1988

  National Historic Landmark?: No
  Significance Level:
Contributing
 

Short Significance Description:

Monument contributes to national significance of park under NR Criterion A because it represents the national movement among veterans & federal government to commemorate Civil War battlefields. This was the first U.S. national military park.

Short Physical Description

9' x 6' x 18' high, the rock-faced monument of Indiana oolitic limestone has a stepped base, shaft with inset inscribed panel and state seal, and pediment-form capstone. At top is a sculpture of an eagle astride a sphere.


Long Physical Description

Monument located within the Chickamauga Battlefield in McDonald Field, map site #2.


Material(s)   
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)

1. 
Superstructure
Limestone
2. 
Substructure
Limestone
3. 
Superstructure
Bronze



Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:   
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1897
AD
 
 
 
 


My Sources
1. NRHP Narrative
2. Wikipedia - Battle of Chickamauga
3. The Civil War Home - The Chickamauga Campaign - Union Order of Battle
4. Wikipedia - 42nd Regiment Indiana Infantry
5. Civil War Battlefield Monuments - 42nd Indiana Infantry Regiment Monument



Note
Trailhead Graphics, Inc. has produced a map of the Chickamauga Battlefield showing the locations of all of the monuments and the markers on the battlefield. Each location on the map has a number associated with it that cross-references to an index on the back of the map that has the name of the marker (called the Chick-Chatt NMP monument numbering system). This number corresponds to the structure Number listed on the NPS List of Classified Structures that is normally prefixed with the letters MT for the Chickamauga Battlefield.

Name of Historic District (as listed on the NRHP): Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park

Link to nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com page with the Historic District: [Web Link]

NRHP Historic District Waymark (Optional): [Web Link]

Address:
Lafayette Road Chickamauga National Battlefield Fort Oglethorpe, GA USA 30742 Parking is available on Lafayette Road at N 34° 56.3771 W 85° 15.5171 To reach this monument: This monument is located in the field on the east side of Lafayette Road near the McDonald house, across from the visitors center.


How did you determine the building to be a contributing structure?: Narrative found on the internet (Link provided below)

Optional link to narrative or database: [Web Link]

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Recent Visits/Logs:
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Lat34North visited 42nd Indiana Infantry Regiment Monument - Chickamauga National Military Park 4/6/2011 Lat34North visited it