8th Ohio Light Artillery Battery Monument - Vicksburg National Military Park
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member iconions
N 32° 22.571 W 090° 51.880
15S E 700885 N 3584139
Quick Description: This granite monument is located to the west of two large caliber Parrott guns and located west of the Navy Memorial and north of Tour Stop #7 along Union Avenue.
Location: Mississippi, United States
Date Posted: 1/3/2015 3:52:07 PM
Waymark Code: WMN6BT
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member Lat34North
Views: 0

Long Description:
8th Ohio Volunteer Artillery This granite memorial shows a cannon, in bas relief, draped by a flag. A ramrod is in the background. A palm frond and the Ohio State Seal appear above the cannon. The state name OHIO appears below the main design of the monument.

In the American Civil War, Ohio provided the federal government with 260 regiments of men, including infantry, artillery, and cavalry units. Ohioans also served in several other regiments from other states, most notably from Kentucky, West Virginia, and Massachusetts, as well as in federal units. Almost 330,000 Ohio men, including 5,092 African Americans, served in the Union military during the conflict.

Artillery batteries formed in Ohio became known as batteries of Ohio Volunteer Artillery. They served for varying lengths of time, averaging one hundred days to three years. On March 10, 1862, the 8th Ohio Independent Battery of Ohio Volunteer Artillery organized at Camp Dennison, near Cincinnati, Ohio. Officials recruited the battery in Darke, Miami, and Montgomery Counties, Ohio. The battery was also known as Markgraf’s Battery, named after the organization’s commanding officer, Louis Markgraf. The men in the battery were to serve three years.

In late April 1863, the 8th embarked upon General Ulysses S. Grant's Vicksburg Campaign. The battery fought in the Battles of Grand Gulf (April 29, 1863), Raymond (May 12, 1863), Champion Hill (May 16, 1863) and Big Black River Bridge (May 17, 1863) and also engaged the enemy in the Siege of Vicksburg, which ended in the Union's capture of this city on July 4, 1863.

Immediately upon Vicksburg’s capture, officials dispatched the 8th and other Union forces to Jackson, Mississippi to engage a Confederate army under the command of Joseph E. Johnston. Upon reaching Jackson, Northern soldiers immediately laid siege to the city. On the night of July 16, 1863, Johnston’s force evacuated Jackson, and the Union soldiers entered the city unopposed the following day. The 8th departed Jackson on July 21, 1863, reaching Vicksburg three days later. The battery stayed at Vicksburg until December 1863.

Text on the front plaque of the monument in the upper right part of the frame:

Eighth Battery
Capt. James F. Putnam;
2d Div.; 15th Corps.




From the NRHP nomination form:

  Structure Number: HS-482
  LCS ID: 010035




Historical Significance:

  National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
  National Register Date:
12/09/1977

  National Historic Landmark?: No
  Significance Level:
Contributing
 

Short Significance Description:

The monument contributes to the national significance of the park under NR Criteria A because it represents the national movement among veterans and related groups to commemorate and mark major Civil War battlefields.

Short Physical Description

The 12' high rock-faced monument has a rectangular base, OHIO in raised letters on the pedestal, and a bas relief of a draped cannon, state seal & palm branch on the smooth-faced front of the shaft.



Material(s)   
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)

1. 
Substructure
Concrete
2. 
Superstructure
Granite


Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:   
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1904
AD
 
 
 
 


My Sources
1. Ohio Civil War Central - 8th Ohio Volunteer Artillery
2. Wikipedia - Siege of Vicksburg
3. The Civil War Home - The Vicksburg Campaign - Union Order of Battle
4. National Register Application - NRHP




Date Installed or Dedicated: 1/1/1904

Union, Confederate or Other Monument: Union

Rating (1-5):

Related Website: [Web Link]

Photo or photos will be uploaded.: yes

Name of Government Entity or Private Organization that built the monument: Not listed

Visit Instructions:

To log a visit, a waymarker must visit the monument or memorial in person and post a photo. Personal observations and comments will be appreciated.

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