4th U. S. Cavalry Regiment Monument ~ Chickamauga Georgia
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Lat34North
N 34° 55.838 W 085° 13.742
16S E 661749 N 3866781
Quick Description: Monument to the 4th U. S. Cavalry Regiment Monument located on Jay's Mill Road in the Chickamauga National Battlefield.
Location: Georgia, United States
Date Posted: 11/20/2014 1:03:47 PM
Waymark Code: WMMXJG
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member QuesterMark
Views: 0

Long Description:
This marker is dedicated to the 4th U. S. Cavalry and is in recognition of their service during the Battle of Chickamauga, fought September 19–20, 1863. The 4th United States Cavalry Regiment was established as part of the expansion of mounted U.S. Army units in the mid-1850s. It was officially organized on 26 March 1855, at Jefferson Barracks, Missouri.

Text on the front of the marker:
4th
U. S. Cavalry
1st Brig. 2nd Cavalry Div.
Army of the Cumberland
Sept. 18th to 21st 1863


Text on the rear of the marker:
The fourth US Calvary captain J. B. McIntyre, commanding, in conjunction with the brigade began skirmishing with four brigades of the enemy about 8 AM September 18, 1863. Three miles east of this point on Pea Vine Ridge and fell back fighting across the Chickamauga at Reeds Bridge was engaged near this spot at 3 P.M. and fell back slowly to the Vineyard House on the Lafayette Road arriving there at dark. Sept. 19th, was near Gordon’s Mill and later near Rossville, protecting trains. Sept. 20th was engaged guarding the left flank of the Army where it was confronted by Scott’s Brigade of Pegram Calvary Red House Bridge on the direct Rossville and Ringgold Road . Sept. 21st the Regiment with the brigade covered the front of General Thomas lines at Rossville until noon.

Casualties 5 killed 14 wounded 1 missing



From the NRHP nomination form:

  Structure Number: MT-1063(see note)
  LCS ID: 003277




Historical Significance:

  National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
  National Register Date:
11/24/1998

  National Historic Landmark?: No
  Significance Level:
Contributing
 

Short Significance Description:

Monument contributes to national significance of park under NR Criterion A because it represents national movement among veterans & related groups to commemorate Civil War battlefields. This was the first U.S. national military park.

Short Physical Description

8' x 5' x 10', the blue Vermont granite monument has a single-piece, rock-faced base and a smooth-faced shaft containing raised-letter inscriptions. At top of central section are crossed sabers, flags, & a bugle carved in relief.

Long Physical Description

Monument located within the Chickamauga Battlefield at Jay's Mill Field, map site #19.

Material(s)   
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)

1. 
Substructure
Limestone
2. 
Superstructure
Granite


Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:   
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1893
AD
 
 
 
 


My Sources
1. NRHP
2. Wikipedia - Battle of Chickamauga
3. The Civil War Home - The Chickamauga Campaign - Union Order of Battle
4. Wikipedia - 4th Cavalry Regiment
5. CWBFM - 4th Cavalry Regiment

Note
Trailhead Graphics, Inc. has produced a map of the Chickamauga Battlefield showing the locations of all of the monuments and the markers on the battlefield. Each location on the map has a number associated with it that cross-references to an index on the back of the map that has the name of the marker (called the Chick-Chatt NMP monument numbering system). This number corresponds to the structure Number listed on the NPS List of Classified Structures that is normally prefixed with the letters MT for the Chickamauga Battlefield.

Name of Historic District (as listed on the NRHP): Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park

Link to nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com page with the Historic District: [Web Link]

NRHP Historic District Waymark (Optional): [Web Link]

Address:
located at the NE entrance to the park on Reeds Bridge Rd at Jays Mill Rd., Chickamauga National Battlefield.


How did you determine the building to be a contributing structure?: Narrative found on the internet (Link provided below)

Optional link to narrative or database: [Web Link]

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Recent Visits/Logs:
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Lat34North visited 4th U. S. Cavalry Regiment Monument ~ Chickamauga Georgia 4/6/2011 Lat34North visited it