St. Giles' Cathedral - Edinburgh, Scotland
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Marine Biologist
N 55° 56.968 W 003° 11.490
30U E 488040 N 6200471
Quick Description: St Giles' Cathedral in Edinburgh, Scotland, dates from the 14th century and has a distinctive crown steeple. It was only a cathedral in the formal sense (i.e. the seat of a bishop) for two periods during the 17th century.
Location: Southern Scotland, United Kingdom
Date Posted: 8/30/2014 3:16:01 PM
Waymark Code: WMMCB1
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member Dorcadion Team
Views: 2

Long Description:
"St Giles' Cathedral, more properly termed the High Kirk of Edinburgh, is the principal place of worship of the Church of Scotland in Edinburgh. Its distinctive crown steeple is a prominent feature of the city skyline, at about a third of the way down the Royal Mile which runs from the Castle to Holyrood Palace. The church has been one of Edinburgh's religious focal points for approximately 900 years. The present church dates from the late 14th century, though it was extensively restored in the 19th century, and is protected as a category A listed building. Today it is sometimes regarded as the "Mother Church of Presbyterianism". The cathedral is dedicated to Saint Giles, who is the patron saint of Edinburgh, as well as of cripples and lepers, and was a very popular saint in the Middle Ages. It is the Church of Scotland parish church for part of Edinburgh's Old Town.

St Giles' was only a cathedral in its formal sense (i.e. the seat of a bishop) for two periods during the 17th century (1635–1638 and 1661–1689), when episcopalianism, backed by the Crown, briefly gained ascendancy within the Kirk. In the mediaeval period, prior to the Reformation, Edinburgh had no cathedral as the royal burgh was part of the Diocese of St Andrews, under the Bishop of St Andrews whose episcopal seat was St Andrew's Cathedral. For most of its post-Reformation history the Church of Scotland has not had bishops, dioceses, or cathedrals. As such, the use of the term cathedral today carries no practical meaning. The "High Kirk" title is older, being attested well before the building's brief period as a cathedral.

The oldest parts of the building are four massive central pillars, often said to date from 1124, although there is very little evidence to this effect. In 1385 the building suffered a fire and was rebuilt in the subsequent years. Much of the current interior dates from this period. Over the years many chapels, referred to as 'aisles', were added, greatly enlarging the church and leaving it rather irregular in plan. In 1466 St Giles was established as a collegiate church. In response to this raising of status, the lantern tower was added around 1490, and the chancel ceiling raised, vaulted and a clerestory installed. By the middle of the 16th century, immediately before the Reformation arrived in Scotland, there were about fifty side altars in the church, some of which were paid for by the city's trade incorporations and dedicated to their patron saints."

--Wikipedia (visit link)
Address:
High Street Edinburgh, Scotland EH1 1RE


Religious affiliation: Presbyterian (current), formerly Catholic

Date founded or constructed: 1385

Web site: [Web Link]

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netdust visited St. Giles' Cathedral - Edinburgh, Scotland 5/28/2007 netdust visited it