21st Michigan Infantry Detachments Monument - Chickamauga National Battlefield
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Lat34North
N 34° 54.433 W 085° 16.342
16S E 657835 N 3864116
Quick Description: This marker to the 21st Michigan Infantry is near Wilder's Brigade monument located on Genn-Viniard / Vittetoe Chickamauga Road near driving tour stop 6, Chickamauga National Battlefield Park.
Location: Georgia, United States
Date Posted: 8/16/2014 11:09:58 AM
Waymark Code: WMM9A1
Published By: Groundspeak Regular Member Math Teacher
Views: 0

Long Description:
This marker to a detachments of the 21st Michigan Infantry is in recognition of their service during the Battle of Chickamauga, fought September 19–20, 1863. After the battle of Chickamauga the regiment, in command of Lieutenant Colonel S. K. Bishop, was detached from its brigade by order of General Thomas, and was placed under General Smith, Chief Engineer of the Department. This is one of two markers dedicated to the 21st Michigan Infantry on the battlefield.






Text on the front of the marker:

TWENTY-FIRST MICHIGAN
INFANTRY DETACHMENT
LIEUTS. A. E. BARR AND C. E. BELNAP
COMMANDING

On the morning of Sept. 20th, this detachment was the extreme right of Sheridan's Division, rallying from skirmish line about the Glenn House, separated from main command, surrounded by the enemy, they held this position more than one hour until relieved by Wilder's Brigade.

Julius O. Campbell, Private Co. H, right of the skirmish line was killed in the road south near the base of this hill.



From the NRHP nomination form:

  Structure Number: MT-896
  LCS ID: 003004




Historical Significance:

  National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
  National Register Date:
11/24/1998

  National Historic Landmark?: No
  Significance Level:
Contributing
 

Short Significance Description:

The marker contributes to the national significance of the park under NR Criterion A because it represents the national movement among veterans to commemorate Civil War battlefields. This was the first U.S. national military park.

Short Physical Description

4' x 1'6" x 10' high, the monument is a rock-faced vertical slab with a bronze inscription tablet and a bronze state seal.



Material(s)   
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)

1. 
Substructure
Limestone
2. 
Superstructure
Granite
3. 
Substructure
bronze


Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:   
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1895
AD
 
 
 
 


My Sources
1. NRHP
2. Wikipedia - Battle of Chickamauga
3. The Civil War Home - The Chickamauga Campaign - Union Order of Battle
4. Wikipedia - 21st Regiment Michigan Volunteer Infantry
5. CWBFM.org - 21st Michigan Infantry Detachments Monument



Note
Trailhead Graphics, Inc. has produced a map of the Chickamauga Battlefield showing the locations of all of the monuments and the markers on the battlefield. Each location on the map has a number associated with it that cross-references to an index on the back of the map that has the name of the marker (called the Chick-Chatt NMP monument numbering system). This number corresponds to the structure Number listed on the NPS List of Classified Structures that is normally prefixed with the letters MT for the Chickamauga Battlefield.

Name of Historic District (as listed on the NRHP): Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park

Link to nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com page with the Historic District: [Web Link]

NRHP Historic District Waymark (Optional): [Web Link]

Address:
near Wilder's Brigade monument located on Genn-Viniard / Vittetoe Chickamauga Road near driving tour stop 6, Chickamauga National Battlefield Park.


How did you determine the building to be a contributing structure?: Narrative found on the internet (Link provided below)

Optional link to narrative or database: [Web Link]

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Recent Visits/Logs:
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Lat34North visited 21st Michigan Infantry Detachments Monument - Chickamauga National Battlefield 3/2/2011 Lat34North visited it