Charles Robin - Paspébiac, Québec
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Weathervane
N 48° 01.279 W 065° 15.248
20U E 331925 N 5321127
Quick Description: En 1778, les installations de pêche de Charles Robin à Paspébiac et Artichat furent pillées et brûlées par des Corsaires américains. In 1778, Charles Robin's fishery posts in Paspébiac and Artichat were pillaged and burnt by American pirates.
Location: Québec, Canada
Date Posted: 10/11/2013 1:04:00 PM
Waymark Code: WMJ8PY
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member Scooter Bill
Views: 7

Long Description:
La plaque sur le site des installations de pêche de Charles Robin à Paspébiac contiennent les renseignements suivants:

«Le banc de pêche de Paspébiac est exploité par Charles Robin à partir de 1766. Chassé par les corsaires américains en 1778, Robin regagne Paspébiac en 1783.»

Référence: (visit link)

The plaque at the site of Charles Robin's fishing post in Paspébiac, Quebec, contains the following information: (Translation)

The Paspébiac fishing post was operated by Charles Robin starting in 1766. Chased by American privateers in 1778, Robin returned to Paspébiac in 1783.

Charles Robin

«En 1760, la bataille de la Ristigouche met fin à la possession du Canada par la France. Les gens de Jersey, dont l'île est propriété de l'Angleterre, sont de bons navigateurs et excellents commerçants bilingues (l'île faisant partie du duché de Normandie lors de la conquête de l'Angleterre par Guillaume le Conquérant en 1066). Les Jersiais arrivent donc sur nos côtes pour y pêcher le poisson le plus prolifique au monde : la morue! Dès 1766, Charles Robin est présent en Acadie où il détient une franchise au nom de la Robin, Pipon & Co. Mais les corsaires américains lui font la vie de plus en plus difficile si bien qu'en 1778, deux ans après la déclaration d'indépendance américaine, toutes ses installations à Artichat au Cap Breton et à Paspébiac dans la baie des Chaleurs sont pillées et brûlées. N'ayant pu obtenir la protection de la Marine royale, il fuit le Canada pour cinq ans.»

Référence: (visit link)

Charles Robin

"The people of the British island of Jersey are good navigators and excellent bilingual merchants. Their ability to speak French was owed to Jersey having belonged to the Duke of Normandy at the time of William The Conqueror's defeat of England in 1066. The Jerseyites were attracted by Canada's abundance of Cod fishing. Beginning in 1766 Charles Robin is present in Acadia where he is proprietor of a franchise of the Robin, Pipon & Co. In 1778, Two years after the American Declaration of Independence Charles Robin's trading posts at Artichat in Cape Breton and at Paspébiac in La Baie-des-Chaleurs are pillaged and burnt by American pirates. Unable to secure protection from the Royal Navy, he leaves Canada for five years."

Reference: (visit link)
Site Description: Plaque Historique et installation de peche - Historic Marker and fishing post

Date of Pirate Activity (Estimated): 01/01/1778

Reference Web-link or Book Title:

Site Admission (If needed): 10 $/adulte, 8 $/aîné et étudiant, 24 $/famille - 10 $/adult, 8 $/teen and student, 24 $/family

Hours Available (If needed):
Tous les jours de 9 h à 17 h de juin à la fin septembre. Every day from 09:00 to 17:00 hours from June to end of September.

Additional Information (optional):
From The Heart of Gaspe by John Mason Clarke Excerpt from Pages 176 to 181"… It was not until the fall of Quebec that capitalists from the Channel Islands became interested in this Gaspe fishing and among the first of these were members of the Robin family of Jersey. The Robins were established on Bay Chaleur in 1764, and probably on Cape Breton as early, doing business in the latter place under the firm name of Philip Robin and Co., and in the former at Paspebiac, as Charles Robin and Co., Philip and Charles being brothers. … When Robin arrived in Gaspe he found an establishment at Bonaventure controlled by Wm. Smith and with him entered into business relations, Smith gaining control of the stations up the Bay and Robin devoting his attention to acquiring or erecting new stations on the coast from Paspebiac down. Smith and Robin had a good many disagreements and finally ceased to cooperate. Robin's enterprises were proving fortunate when the American war broke out and his serious troubles began. … Just about a year after, June 30, 1778, he writes to his brother Philip at Jersey an account of the capture of his vessels, the Bee and Hope, at the station at Paspebiac:' On the 11th instant at about 11 o'clock at night, two American privateers schooners of 45 tons, two carriage guns, 12 swivels and 45 men each put alongside of the Bee and Hope and boarded them, there were but three men on board each, being all employed in the fishery and not expecting a visit from them so early, as otherwise the Bee could have kept them off had all the people been on board, she being the only vessel arrived for some time was unloaded in a week which obliged us to put her guns in her hole as she would not bear them on deck in so wild a Road without ballast and it could not be the case without we had determined to make no fishing ourselves, an object of Qtls. 2000 which I thought was worth our attention. The Hope had Qtls. 1400 fish on board, was to take Qtls. 200 more the next day and sail for Lisbon in a few days. They (the Privateers) sent her off the 13th and began to take everything out of the stores and ship them on board the Bee. She was rigged and was going off the 15th, after which departure the Americans came to our Habitation to take me away but I had fled to the woods the night before mistrusting it - however that morning three ships appearing, HM Ships Hunter and Viper, and Mr. Smith's ship Bonaventure - the latter was here the first and fired at them, on their approach the Americans took in their Privateer all the dry goods they could come at and went away. I had concealed a little quantity (a third of the goods) which they could not come at - they had found the best part of our furs which they put on board, but having coiled the cable on them were obliged to leave them behind as well as the powder and ammo, which I did not expect, neither that they would leave the ship without setting her on fire, - both Privateers having been taken since at Restigouche so that I have recovered my goods to a trifle which they bartered with the Indians for canoes, for their escape. I am to pay 1/8 salvage on the Bee. The Hunter and Viper were laying in Gaspe but being informed by Capt. Fainton of Perce of the Privateer being here they set out - however they were too late to retake the Hope. Capt. John Boyle of HMS Hunter has promised to leave one of his ships in the Bay for our protection. The Bee is in ballast with 10 men constantly on board in the daytime who watch at night when there are 30 men on board and the shore gang is ready to join them in case of alarm. …'… before the season was over his apprehensions got the best of Robin and he returned to Jersey where he remained till summer of 1783." Reference:

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