St. Wenceslas Cathedral / Katedrála Sv. Václava - Olomouc (Central Moravia)
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Dorcadion Team
N 49° 35.873 E 017° 15.727
33U E 663460 N 5496380
Quick Description: St. Wenceslas Cathedral (Katedrála Sv. Václava), seat of Archbishops of Olomouc, is not only the main Roman-Catholic church of Olomouc region and whole Moravia, but also one of key landmarks of Olomouc city.
Location: Olomoucký kraj, Czechia
Date Posted: 4/30/2013 4:03:17 AM
Waymark Code: WMH010
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member silverquill
Views: 38

Long Description:

St. Wenceslas Cathedral (Katedrála Sv. Václava), seat of Archbishops of Olomouc, is not only the main Roman-Catholic church of Olomouc region and whole Moravia, but also one of key landmarks of Olomouc city.

The oldest core of the St. Wenceslas Cathedral consists of a Romanesque basilica with a fragment of a buried three-aisled crypt and two-tower front. The construction of the church, sacred to the country’s patron saint Saint Wenceslas, was begun in the early 12th century by Olomouc Appanage Prince Svatopluk. Bishop Jindrich Zdík consecrated the basilica while it was under construction, on 30th June 1131. In 1141, the bishop transferred his seat here and established a new Chapter House for 12 canons, living together in an adjacent capitular house.

After fires in 1204 and 1265 and even in later years, the basilica was rebuilt as a Gothic three-aisled structure. At the time of Bishop Stanislav Pavlovský, the western facade was completed with the addition of a central super-elevated tower, built during the years 1589-1595 by the Italian architect Bernardo Leon from Locarno. Bishop Pavlovský had a family crypt added, with the central chapel of St. Stanislaw to the south wall of the triple nave. During the years 1616-1618, Bishop František Cardinal Dietrichstein attached to the Gothic triple nave a large indoor presbytery, intended for the regular holding of vicar oficia. A new Baroque triple-nave crypt under the presbytery was completed in 1661.

After a fire caused by lightning in 1803, the facade was adapted in the Classicist style. The cathedral, with its Neo-Gothic choir chapel, received its present form as a result of the initiative of Archbishop Friedrich von Furstenberg (1853-1892). Gustav Meretta and Richard Volkel realised its remodelling in the Gothic style during the years 1883-1892. The southern tower of the cathedral, which is exactly 100.65 m in height, is actually the highest church spire in Moravia.

Type of Church: Cathedral

Status of Building: Actively in use for worship

Date of organization: 1/1/1063

Date of building construction: 6/30/1131

Dominant Architectural Style: Gothic and Neo-Gothic

Associated Shrines, Art, etc.: Chapel of the Virgin Mary Loretto, Blessed Johann Sarkander Altar, St. Stanislas Chapel, late Gothic relief of Virgin Mary the Guardian

Archdiocese: Olomouc

Diocese: Olomouc

Address/Location:
Katedrála Sv. Václava
Václavské náměstí
Olomouc, Czech Republic
77900


Relvant Web Site: [Web Link]

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Recent Visits/Logs:
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valecnik visited St. Wenceslas Cathedral / Katedrála Sv. Václava - Olomouc (Central Moravia) 3/22/2015 valecnik visited it
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Arne1 visited St. Wenceslas Cathedral / Katedrála Sv. Václava - Olomouc (Central Moravia) 9/1/2012 Arne1 visited it

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