The Nez Perce Conflict of 1877
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Volcanoguy
N 44° 08.374 W 112° 53.938
12T E 348108 N 4889127
Quick Description: One of several history signs at the Birch Creek Recreation Site on Idaho Hwy. 28.
Location: Idaho, United States
Date Posted: 7/9/2012 10:07:12 PM
Waymark Code: WMEVG4
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member muddawber
Views: 2

Long Description:
This sign is on one of six display panels in the Sacajawea Interpretive Kiosk near the entrance to the Birch Creek Recreation Site located along Idaho Hwy. 28 about 50 miles south of Leadore, Idaho.
Marker Name: The Nez Perce Conflict of 1877

Marker Type: Roadside

Marker Text:
For thousands of years the fertile Wallowa Valley was home to many Nimiipuu, or Nez Perce people. A treaty in 1855 affirmed Nez Perce ownership of this homeland. Competition for land, grazing and hunting opportunities, and the discovery of gold in 1860 resulted in a renegotiation of the 1855 treaty. The new treaty of 1863 reduced the reservation to 10% of the original homeland. Ultimately, General O. Howard ordered the peaceful Nez Perce bands, on longer protected by treaty rights, to move to the reservation near Lapwai, Idaho, in May of 1877. The Wallowa band sadly gathered their belongings, livestock and horses, and headed for the reservation. They crossed the Snake River, swollen with spring runoff, and gathered at Camas Prairie near Grangeville, Idaho. Agitated by past events, a few young Nez Perce men attacked several white settlers. In the aftermath of their attacks, there was no option but to flee. In June 1877, nearly 800 men, women, and children with over 2000 horses began the flight that took them over the Bitterroots, through the Rockies, and onto the high plains of Montana. They survived sweltering heat, dangerous mountain passes, and attacks by five different US Army Regiments. The Nez Perce families were within 40 miles of freedom at the Canadian border before being surrounded by U.S. Army soldiers just as the winter snows began to fall. For five days, the Nez Perce endured canon fire, freezing temperatures, and starvation. Wen it became obvious the people could survive no longer, Joseph negotiated a settlement that would allow the people to return to Idaho. Unwilling to trust Colonel Miles, Chief Whitebird led his people on a nighttime escape to Canada. Chief Joseph stayed with the remaining people. On October 5, 1877, Chief Joseph walked across the wintry plain and surrendered to Colonel Nelson A. Miles. “From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever.” - Chief Joseph (Hein-mor Too-ya-la-kekt)

County: Clark

Group Responsible for Placement: State of Idaho and Sacajawea Scenic Byway

City: Not listed

Date Dedicated: Not listed

Marker Number: Not listed

Web link(s) for additional information: Not listed

Visit Instructions:
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Recent Visits/Logs:
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Volcanoguy visited The Nez Perce Conflict of 1877 10/7/2010 Volcanoguy visited it