The Prehistory and History of Lower Birch Creek Valley
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Volcanoguy
N 44° 08.374 W 112° 53.938
12T E 348108 N 4889127
Quick Description: One of several history signs at the Birch Creek Recreation Site on Idaho Hwy. 28.
Location: Idaho, United States
Date Posted: 7/9/2012 9:38:20 PM
Waymark Code: WMEVFZ
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member muddawber
Views: 2

Long Description:
This sign is on one of six display panels in the Sacajawea Interpretive Kiosk near the entrance to the Birch Creek Recreation Site located along Idaho Hwy. 28 about 50 miles south of Leadore, Idaho.
Marker Name: The Prehistory and History of Lower Birch Creek Valley

Marker Type: Roadside

Marker Text:
Birch Creek rises from springs on the valley floor between the Lemhi and Beaverhead Mountains. The stream flows south across the valley floor and ends in shallow sinks on the Snake River Plain. The Birch Creek and Lemhi Valleys form the longest north-south valley in the Pacific Northwest, providing a natural travel route between the Salmon River and Snake River Plain. Archaeological research has traced human occupation of this valley back more than 10,000 years. The first people in the valley, Paleoindian hunters, experienced a cooler, wetter environment populated with mammoth, horse, camel, giant bison and other now extinct megafauna. About 8,000 years ago, the climate became warmer and drier. native Americans visiting the valley used a more varied tool kit that included a spear with a replaceable points and atlatl to hunt deer, elk, moose, modern bison, antelope, and mountain sheep. These forerunners of today’s northern Shoshone lived in family bands and traveled seasonally to the through the valley to hunt game, fish and harvest camas, pine nuts and other edible plants. A record of Native American activities in the valley was left on limestone cliffs and rock faces located on either side of the valley. In the early 1800s, the opening of the Fur Trade Era saw British and American trappers competing for beaver pelts in the valley. In the fall of 1830, John Work, a Hudson’s Bay Company trapper, camped near Birch Creek’s springs. His journal notes he sighted many bison in the valley. W.A. Scott was the valley’s first settler (1882). He built a cabin near the Birch Creek’s springs. In the late 1890s, Maier Kaufman’s ranch featured a school, hotel and post office. A group of wooden buildings mark the post office and hotel site on private land east of Highway 28.

County: Clark

Group Responsible for Placement: State of Idaho and Sacajawea Scenic Byway

City: Not listed

Date Dedicated: Not listed

Marker Number: Not listed

Web link(s) for additional information: Not listed

Visit Instructions:
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Recent Visits/Logs:
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Volcanoguy visited The Prehistory and History of Lower Birch Creek Valley 10/7/2010 Volcanoguy visited it