21st Illinois Infantry Monument - Chickamauga National Battlefield
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Lat34North
N 34° 54.125 W 085° 15.625
16S E 658936 N 3863564
Quick Description: This monument to the 21st Illinois Infantry is located in Viniard’s Field on LaFayette Rd at Viniard-Alexander Rd in the Chickamauga National Battlefield Park. This monument marks the unit's position on Sept. 19, 1863, from 1:00 to 4:00 p.m.
Location: Georgia, United States
Date Posted: 5/22/2012 10:05:04 AM
Waymark Code: WMEFHH
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member silverquill
Views: 0

Long Description:
This monument to the 21st Illinois is in recognition of their service during the Battle of Chickamauga, fought September 19–20, 1863. This monument marks the unit's position on Saturday Sept. 19, 1863, from 1:00 to 4:00 p.m.

Text on the front of the monument:

Illinois
21st Infantry
2nd Brigade – Carlin
1st Division - Davis
20th Army Corps – McCook


Text on the rear of the monument:

Commanded by John W.S. Alexander, (killed Sept. 20)
Capt. Chester K. Knight
Sept 19 – 1863
1 to 4 P.M.
Loss 238

Occupied position 200 yards in advance
At 12:30 P.M.



From the NRHP nomination form:

  Structure Number: MT-669(see note)
  LCS ID: 008895




Historical Significance:

  National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
  National Register Date:
07/25/1986

  National Historic Landmark?: No
  Significance Level:
Contributing
 

Short Significance Description:

Marker contributes to national significance of park under NR Criterion A because it represents the national movement among veterans & related groups to commemorate Civil War battlefields. This was the first U.S. national military park.

Short Physical Description

7'6" x 4'4" x 4'6" rock-faced monument consisting of rectangular granite block with an inscribed polished front on a 1'6" high granite base. The tops of both pieces are beveled. Marks unit's position on Sept. 19, 1863, from 1:00 to 4:00 p.m. a.m.

Material(s)   
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)

1. 
Superstructure
Granite
2. 
Substructure
Limestone
3. 
Superstructure
Bronze


Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:   
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1899
AD
 
 
 
 


My Sources
1. NRHP
2. Wikipedia - Battle of Chickamauga
3. The Civil War Home - The Chickamauga Campaign - Union Order of Battle
4. Wikipedia - 21st Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment

For more information on the Battle of Chickamauga:
5. Civil War Historic Markers Across Georgia - Battle of Chickamauga

Note
Trailhead Graphics, Inc. has produced a map of the Chickamauga Battlefield showing the locations of all of the monuments and the markers on the battlefield. Each location on the map has a number associated with it that cross-references to an index on the back of the map that has the name of the marker (called the Chick-Chatt NMP monument numbering system). This number corresponds to the structure Number listed on the NPS List of Classified Structures that is normally prefixed with the letters MT for the Chickamauga Battlefield.

Name of Historic District (as listed on the NRHP): Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park

Link to nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com page with the Historic District: [Web Link]

NRHP Historic District Waymark (Optional): [Web Link]

Address:
located in Viniard’s Field on LaFayette Rd at Viniard-Alexander Rd in the Chickamauga National Battlefield Park.


How did you determine the building to be a contributing structure?: Narrative found on the internet (Link provided below)

Optional link to narrative or database: [Web Link]

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Recent Visits/Logs:
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Lat34North visited 21st Illinois Infantry Monument - Chickamauga National Battlefield 5/11/2011 Lat34North visited it