123rd Illinois Infantry Monument - Chickamauga National Battlefield
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Lat34North
N 34° 54.078 W 085° 15.361
16S E 659340 N 3863485
Quick Description: This Monument to the 123 Illinois Infantry Regiment is located along a wooded path, east of Lafayette Rd and south of Vinyard-Alexander Rd in the Chickamauga National Battlefield. Plaque is missing.
Location: Georgia, United States
Date Posted: 5/11/2012 10:44:44 AM
Waymark Code: WMEDDY
Published By: Groundspeak Charter Member BruceS
Views: 0

Long Description:
This monument is dedicated to the 123rd Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment and is in recognition of their service during the Battle of Chickamauga, fought September 19–20, 1863. The 84th Illinois Infantry was organized at Camp Terry, Mattoon, Coles County, Illinois and mustered into Federal service on September 6, 1862. It marks their location from Friday September 18 at 7:00 p.m until Saturday, September 19, 1863, at 4:00 p.m. The commander of the 123rd Illinois was Colonel James Monroe.

Text on the front of the marker:
123rd Infantry
1st Brigade – Wilder
4th Division – Reynolds
14th Army Corps – Thomas

Text on the rear of the marker: (Plaque is missing - best guess)
Commanded by
Col – James Monroe
Sept. 18th, 1863, 7 P.M.
to Sept. 19th, 1863, 4 P.M.
Loss ??

From the NRHP nomination form:

  Structure Number: MT-724(see note)
  LCS ID: 008921

Historical Significance:

  National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
  National Register Date:

  National Historic Landmark?: No
  Significance Level:

Short Significance Description:

Marker contributes to national significance of park under NR Criterion A because it represents the national movement among veterans & related groups to commemorate Civil War battlefields. This was the first U.S. national military park.

Short Physical Description

7'6" x 4'4" x 4'6" high rock-faced monument consisting of rectangular granite block with an inscribed polished front on granite base. The tops of both pieces are beveled. Marks unit's position from Sept. 18, 7:00 p.m. to Sept. 19, 4:00 a.m.

Long Physical Description

Monument located on the Chickamauga Battlefield, map site #282.

Structural Component(s)


Construction Period:
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer Occupation

My Sources
2. Wikipedia - Battle of Chickamauga
3. The Civil War Home - The Chickamauga Campaign - Union Order of Battle
4. Wikipedia - 123rd Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry

Trailhead Graphics, Inc. has produced a map of the Chickamauga Battlefield showing the locations of all of the monuments and the markers on the battlefield. Each location on the map has a number associated with it that cross-references to an index on the back of the map that has the name of the marker (called the Chick-Chatt NMP monument numbering system). This number corresponds to the structure Number listed on the NPS List of Classified Structures that is normally prefixed with the letters MT for the Chickamauga Battlefield.

Name of Historic District (as listed on the NRHP): Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park

Link to nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com page with the Historic District: [Web Link]

NRHP Historic District Waymark (Optional): [Web Link]

Along a wooded path, east of Lafayette Rd and south of Vinyard-Alexander Rd in the Chickamauga National Battlefield.

How did you determine the building to be a contributing structure?: Narrative found on the internet (Link provided below)

Optional link to narrative or database: [Web Link]

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Recent Visits/Logs:
Date Logged Log User Rating  
Lat34North visited 123rd Illinois Infantry Monument - Chickamauga National Battlefield 6/23/2011 Lat34North visited it