78th Illinois Infantry Monument - Chickamauga National Battlefield
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Lat34North
N 34° 55.615 W 085° 16.459
16S E 657619 N 3866297
Quick Description: The 78th Illinois Infantry Monument is located along a hiking trail at Snodgrass Hill, tour stop 8, at the Chickamauga National Battlefield. The plaque on the back of the monument is missing. Parking is at N 34 55.624 W 85 16.262
Location: Georgia, United States
Date Posted: 5/9/2012 11:35:13 AM
Waymark Code: WMED24
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member silverquill
Views: 1

Long Description:
This monument is dedicated to the 78th Illinois Infantry Regiment and is in recognition of their service during the Battle of Chickamauga, fought September 19–20, 1863. The 78th Illinois Infantry Regiment Regiment was organized at Quincy, Illinois, and mustering into Federal service on September 1, 1862. Their commander was Lieut. Col. Carter Van Vleck. It marks unit's position on September 20, 1863, from 2:00 to 6:00 p.m.



Text on the front of the monument:
Illinois
78th Infantry
2nd Brigade – Mitchell
1st Division – Steedman
Reserve Corps. - Granger



Text on the rear of the monument: (missing - best guess)
Commanded by
Lieut. Col. Carter Van Vleck
Sept. 20 – 1863
2:00 P.M. to 6:00 P.M.




From the Return of Casualties in the Army of the Cumberland, OR 5, page 178.
Killed: Officers 1, Enlisted men 10; Wounded: Officers 8, Enlisted men 69; Missing: Officers 4, Enlisted men 58. Total 156


From the NRHP nomination form:

  Structure Number: MT-697(see note)
  LCS ID: 008910




Historical Significance:

  National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
  National Register Date:
07/25/1986

  National Historic Landmark?: No
  Significance Level:
Contributing
 

Short Significance Description:

Marker contributes to national significance of park under NR Criterion A because it represents the national movement among veterans & related groups to commemorate Civil War battlefields. This was the first U.S. national military park.

Short Physical Description

7'6" x 4'4" x 4'6" high rock-faced monument consisting of rectangular granite block with an inscribed polished front on granite base. The tops of both pieces are beveled. Marks unit's position on Sept. 20, 1863, from 2:00 to 6:00 p.m.



Material(s)   
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)

1. 
Superstructure
Granite
2. 
Substructure
Limestone
3. 
Superstructure
Bronze


Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:   
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1899
AD
 
 
 
 


My Sources
1. NRHP
2. Wikipedia - Battle of Chickamauga
3. The Civil War Home - The Chickamauga Campaign - Union Order of Battle
4. Wikipedia - 78th Illinois Infantry Regiment

Note
Trailhead Graphics, Inc. has produced a map of the Chickamauga Battlefield showing the locations of all of the monuments and the markers on the battlefield. Each location on the map has a number associated with it that cross-references to an index on the back of the map that has the name of the marker (called the Chick-Chatt NMP monument numbering system). This number corresponds to the structure Number listed on the NPS List of Classified Structures that is normally prefixed with the letters MT for the Chickamauga Battlefield.

Name of Historic District (as listed on the NRHP): Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park

Link to nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com page with the Historic District: [Web Link]

NRHP Historic District Waymark (Optional): [Web Link]

Address:
located along a hiking trail at Snodgrass Hill, tour stop 8, at the Chickamauga National Battlefield. The plaque on the back of the monument is missing. Parking is at N 34 55.624 W 85 16.262


How did you determine the building to be a contributing structure?: Narrative found on the internet (Link provided below)

Optional link to narrative or database: [Web Link]

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Recent Visits/Logs:
Date Logged Log User Rating  
Lat34North visited 78th Illinois Infantry Monument  - Chickamauga National Battlefield 4/13/2011 Lat34North visited it