1st Wisconsin Infantry Regiment Monument - Chickamauga National Battlefield
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Lat34North
N 34° 55.893 W 085° 15.267
16S E 659425 N 3866843
Quick Description: The marker to the 1st Wisconsin Infantry Regiment is located on the west side of Battleline Road in the Chickamauga National Battlefield. The plaque on the back of the monument details the actions of the 1st Wisconsin during the battle.
Location: Georgia, United States
Date Posted: 4/20/2012 12:12:22 PM
Waymark Code: WME8ZM
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member silverquill
Views: 0

Long Description:
This marker is dedicated to the 1st Regiment Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry, is in recognition of their service during the Battle of Chickamauga, fought September 19–20, 1863. The 1st Wisconsin Infantry was organized at Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and mustered into Federal service October 19, 1861. This is one of two markers to the 21st Wisconsin Infantry on the battlefield. The plaque on the back of the monument details the actions of the 1st Wisconsin during the battle.


Text on the front of the monument:


1st Wisconsin
Infantry

2nd Brigade
1st Division
14th Corps





Text on the rear of the monument:


This regiment, Lieut. Col. George B. Bingham commanding, after marching night night, Sept. 18th, 1863, being the advance of Thomas’ Corps in its March from the right at Crawfish Springs, arrived at or near the south end of the Kelly's Field at daybreak, and was soon ordered to advance. After moving about one mile east of this position in the vicinity of the Winfrey's house, it, encountered the enemy in overwhelming force and was obliged to retire a short distance with the loss of three officers killed and a number of enlisted men killed wounded and missing. Nearing about the same position in the afternoon it remained there until 3:00 PM taking part in what is known as the night fight. On the morning of the 20th occupied this position in Thomas’ line of battle taking an active part in repulsing the enemy in his assault is until 5:30 PM when ordered to retire. On the morning of the 21st went into position on Battery Hill at the entrance to Rossville Gap. On the 22nd was deployed as skirmishers in the rear of the Army on its withdrawal to Chattanooga.

Causalities **

Killed Wounded Missing
Officers 4 Officers 5 Officers 4
Enlisted men 23 Enlisted men 79 Enlisted men 73
Aggregated losses Officers 13 Enlisted men 175




** I was not able to read the causalities section of the plaque in my photo. Causality figures are from "The War of the Rebellion: a Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate armies; Series 1 - Volume 30 (Part I) OR 5, page 171.

1st Wisconsin,
    Lieut. Col. George B. Bingham, Commanding
     Second Brigade - Brig. Gen. John C. Starkweather.
    First division - Brig. Gen. Absalom Baird.
    Fourteenth army corps - Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas


From the NRHP nomination form:

  Structure Number: MT-1075(see note)
  LCS ID: 003240




Historical Significance:

  National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
  National Register Date:
11/24/1988

  National Historic Landmark?: No
  Significance Level:
Contributing
 

Short Significance Description:

Marker contributes to national significance of park under NR Criterion A because it represents the national movement among veterans & related groups to commemorate Civil War battlefields. This was the first U.S. national military park.

Short Physical Description

6'6" x 3'6" x 10' high , monument is largely rock-faced with relief carving of rifle, flags, and cap on base, raised letter panel on shaft, and an acorn in relief on castellated cap. Lettered bronze panel and bronze state seal on rear.



Long Physical Description

Monument located within the Chickamauga Battlefield on Battleline Road, map site #57.



Material(s)   
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)

1. 
Superstructure
Granite
2. 
Superstructure
Bronze
3. 
Substructure
Limestone


Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:   
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1894
AD
 
 
 
 


My Sources
1. NRHP
2. Wikipedia - Battle of Chickamauga
3. The Civil War Home - The Chickamauga Campaign - Union Order of Battle
4. Wikipedia - 1st Regiment Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry
5. The War of the Rebellion: a Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate armies; Series 1 - Volume 30 (Part I) OR 5, page 171.
Note
Trailhead Graphics, Inc. has produced a map of the Chickamauga Battlefield showing the locations of all of the monuments and the markers on the battlefield. Each location on the map has a number associated with it that cross-references to an index on the back of the map that has the name of the marker (called the Chick-Chatt NMP monument numbering system). This number corresponds to the structure Number listed on the NPS List of Classified Structures that is normally prefixed with the letters MT for the Chickamauga Battlefield. This marker is not on the map since it is outside the park.

Name of Historic District (as listed on the NRHP): Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park

Link to nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com page with the Historic District: [Web Link]

NRHP Historic District Waymark (Optional): [Web Link]

Address:
on the west side of Battleline Road in the Chickamauga National Battlefield.


How did you determine the building to be a contributing structure?: Narrative found on the internet (Link provided below)

Optional link to narrative or database: [Web Link]

Search for...
Geocaching.com Google Map
Google Maps
MapQuest
Bing Maps
Nearest Waymarks
Nearest NRHP Historic Districts - Contributing Buildings
Nearest Geocaches
Nearest Benchmarks
Create a scavenger hunt using this waymark as the center point
Recent Visits/Logs:
Date Logged Log User Rating  
Lat34North visited 1st Wisconsin Infantry Regiment Monument - Chickamauga National Battlefield 3/2/2011 Lat34North visited it