18th Indiana Battery Marker - Chickamauga National Battlefield
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Lat34North
N 34° 54.454 W 085° 16.350
16S E 657822 N 3864154
Quick Description: This marker to the 18th Indiana Battery is near Wilder's Brigade monument located on Genn-Viniard / Vittetoe Chickamauga Road near driving tour stop 6, Chickamauga National Battlefield Park.
Location: Georgia, United States
Date Posted: 4/17/2012 8:17:41 PM
Waymark Code: WME8C7
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member silverquill
Views: 1

Long Description:
This marker to the 18th Independent Battery Indiana Light Artillery is in recognition of their service during the Battle of Chickamauga, fought September 19–20, 1863. The 18th Indiana Independent Battery mustered in Indianapolis where it was drilled during 1861. In 1862 the 18th was deployed to join the Lightning Brigade commanded by Col. John T. Wilder. This is one of seven markers dedicated to the 18th Indiana Battery on the battlefield.

The "Wilder's" First brigade was comprised of:
  The 92d Illinois, Smith D. Atkins (detached at Chattanooga)
  98th Illinois, Col. John J. Funkhouser & Lieut. Col. Edward Kitchell.
  123d Illinois, Col. James Monroe.
  17th Indiana, Maj. William T. Jones.
  72d Indiana, Col. Abram O. Miller.
  Indiana Light, 18th Battery (1st Brigade), Capt. Eli Lilly. (division artillery)






Text on the front of the marker:

Indiana
Eighteenth Battery (Lilly)
First Brigade (Wilder)
Fourth Division (Reynolds)
Fourteenth Corps (Thomas)
Sunday, September 20th, 1863, 12 M.




An interruptive marker located nearby gives the following account of the action:
Wilder´s defense
Col. Wilder´s lightning brigade resisted the Confederate tide


When the Confederates broke the Union line at the Brotherton Farm on September 20, Union units here on the southern part of the battlefield were swept away like flakes of foam on a River. The Federals were simply overwhelmed and were forced to flee.

The union mounted infantry brigade of Col. John T. Wilder witness to that disaster. Armed with deadly seven shots Spencer repeating rifles Wilder´s men counterattacked on foot, driving Manigault´s Confederate brigade backward toward the Lafayette Road.

Soon Wilder realized his brigade was isolated, and withdrew to this hill which he defended against repeated Confederate assaults. Wilder then fell back to the northwest to guard the retreating columns and wagon trains of the routed Union right.




From the NRHP nomination form:

  Structure Number: MT-757
  LCS ID: 008816




Historical Significance:

  National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
  National Register Date:
07/25/1986

  National Historic Landmark?: No
  Significance Level:
Contributing
 

Short Significance Description:

The marker contributes to the national significance of the park under NR Criterion A because it represents the national movement among veterans to commemorate Civil War battlefields. This was the first U.S. national military park.

Short Physical Description

This standard Indiana marker consists of a 4' x 4' x 4'8" high rock-faced oolitic stone block with a peaked top and a 12" x 18" bronze plaque affixed to its front. Marks battery's position near Widow Glenn house site.



Material(s)   
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)

1. 
Superstructure
Bronze
2. 
Superstructure
Limestone
3. 
Substructure
Limestone


Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:   
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1898
AD
 
 
 
 


My Sources
1. NRHP
2. Wikipedia - Battle of Chickamauga
3. The Civil War Home - The Chickamauga Campaign - Union Order of Battle
4. Wikipedia - 18th Independent Battery Indiana Light Artillery
5. Historic Markers across Georgia - Wilder's defense



Note
Trailhead Graphics, Inc. has produced a map of the Chickamauga Battlefield showing the locations of all of the monuments and the markers on the battlefield. Each location on the map has a number associated with it that cross-references to an index on the back of the map that has the name of the marker (called the Chick-Chatt NMP monument numbering system). This number corresponds to the structure Number listed on the NPS List of Classified Structures that is normally prefixed with the letters MT for the Chickamauga Battlefield.

Name of Historic District (as listed on the NRHP): Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park

Link to nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com page with the Historic District: [Web Link]

NRHP Historic District Waymark (Optional): [Web Link]

Address:
near Wilder's Brigade monument located on Genn-Viniard / Vittetoe Chickamauga Road near driving tour stop 6, Chickamauga National Battlefield Park.


How did you determine the building to be a contributing structure?: Narrative found on the internet (Link provided below)

Optional link to narrative or database: [Web Link]

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Recent Visits/Logs:
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Lat34North visited 18th Indiana Battery Marker  - Chickamauga National Battlefield 3/2/2011 Lat34North visited it