2nd Michigan Cavalry Regiment Monument - Chickamauga National Military Park
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Lat34North
N 34° 54.413 W 085° 16.372
16S E 657790 N 3864077
Quick Description: This monument to the 2nd Michigan Cavalry Regiment is located on Genn-Viniard / Vittetoe Chickamauga Road near driving tour stop 6, Chickamauga National Battlefield Park.
Location: Georgia, United States
Date Posted: 4/13/2012 10:56:06 AM
Waymark Code: WME7BM
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member silverquill
Views: 0

Long Description:
This monument to the 2nd Michigan Volunteer Cavalry Regiment is in recognition of their service during the Battle of Chickamauga, fought September 19–20, 1863. The regiment was organized organized at Detroit, Michigan on October 2, 1861. This is one of two marker to the 2nd Michigan Cavalry on the battlefield.






Text on the front of the marker

Michigan
To her
Second Regiment Cavalry
Col. Archibald R. Campbell
Commanded by
Major Leondas S. Scranton
Campbell’s Brigade
McCook’s Division
Cavalry Corps.


Text on the rear of the marker

The regiment guarded the fords
Of Chickamauga River from
Glass’ Mill to the right on the
19th and 20th of Sept. 1863.
Skirmishing during the time:
About noon of the 20th. Retired in
Direction of Crawfish Springs
From there guarded the trains to
Chattanooga arriving at 3 A.M. on the 21st
Casualties 18.



2nd Michigan Cavalry ,
Commanded by Maj Leonidas S. Scranton
   First Brigade - Col Archibald P. Campbell
   First Division. - Col Edward M. McCook.
   Cavalry Corps - Brig. Gen. Robert B. Mitchell


From the NRHP nomination form:

  Structure Number: MT-882
  LCS ID: 003005




Historical Significance:

  National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
  National Register Date:
11/24/1998

  National Historic Landmark?: No
  Significance Level:
Contributing
 

Short Significance Description:

The marker contributes to the national significance of the park under NR Criterion A because it represents the national movement among veterans to commemorate Civil War battlefields. This was the first U.S. national military park.

Short Physical Description

6'6" x 4' x 9', smooth-faced monument has peaked-top shaft flanked by slanting-top buttresses on battered base. Front has polished, inscribed panel and was topped with bronze crossed swords within a wreath.



Long Physical Description

This monument is located on the Chickamauga Battlefield at map site #236 near the Wilder Brigade Monument. The Michigan Commission desired to place it at Glass' Mill, however that was outside the Park.

The monument was moved 91 feet in 1966 to make way for a projected road re-routing that never actually happened. In 2001, it was returned to its original location.

The monument consists of 5 tiers. Other original features included two horseshoes on the front, a large bronze state shield on the north side, and an unidentified bronze piece on the south side.

Missing from monument are 2 bronze horseshoes, 2 bronze state seals, 2 bronze hilts, and parts of the saber at top of monument.

Monument Text (front):

_____________________________________________________________
MICHIGAN
TO HER
SECOND REGIMENT OF CAVALRY
COLONEL ARCHIBALD P. CAMPBELL
COMMANDED BY
MAJOR LEONIDAS S. SCRANTON
CAMPBELL'S BRIGADE,
McCOOK'S DIVISION,
CAVALRY CORPS.

Monument Text (back):

____________________________________________________________
The regiment guarded the fords of Chickamauga River from Glass' Mill
to the right, on the 19th and 20th of September, 1863,
skirmishing during the time, about noon of the 20th retired in
the direction of Crawfish Springs. From there guarded the trains to Chattanooga arriving at 3 a.m. of the 21st.
Casualties: 18



Material(s)   
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)

1. 
Superstructure
Granite
2. 
Superstructure
Bronze
3. 
Substructure
Limestone


Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:   
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1895
AD
 
 
 
 
2. 
Moved
1966
AD
 
 
 
 
3. 
Moved
2001
AD
 
 
 
 


My Sources
1. NRHP
2. Wikipedia - Battle of Chickamauga
3. The Civil War Home - The Chickamauga Campaign - Union Order of Battle
2. Wikipedia - 2nd Michigan Volunteer Cavalry Regiment



Note
Trailhead Graphics, Inc. has produced a map of the Chickamauga Battlefield showing the locations of all of the monuments and the markers on the battlefield. Each location on the map has a number associated with it that cross-references to an index on the back of the map that has the name of the marker (called the Chick-Chatt NMP monument numbering system). This number corresponds to the structure Number listed on the NPS List of Classified Structures that is normally prefixed with the letters MT for the Chickamauga Battlefield.

Name of Historic District (as listed on the NRHP): Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park

Link to nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com page with the Historic District: [Web Link]

NRHP Historic District Waymark (Optional): [Web Link]

Address:
on Genn-Viniard / Vittetoe Chickamauga Road near driving tour stop 6, SW of Wilder Brigade Monument, Chickamauga National Battlefield Park.


How did you determine the building to be a contributing structure?: Narrative found on the internet (Link provided below)

Optional link to narrative or database: [Web Link]

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Lat34North visited 2nd Michigan Cavalry Regiment Monument - Chickamauga National Military Park 3/2/2011 Lat34North visited it