Longstreet's Headquarters Shell Monument ~ Chickamauga National Battlefield
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Lat34North
N 34° 55.046 W 085° 16.128
16S E 658141 N 3865254
Quick Description: The Longstreet's Headquarters Shell Monument is located on the north side of Dyer Rd next to the Dyer House (the house is no longer there) in the Chickamauga National Battlefield.
Location: Georgia, United States
Date Posted: 4/5/2012 2:56:45 PM
Waymark Code: WME5AG
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member silverquill
Views: 0

Long Description:
This Shell Monument indicates the position of the headquarters of the Lieutenant General James Longstreet on the afternoon of Sunday, September 20, 1863, during the during the Battle of Chickamauga, fought September 19–20, 1863.

The following is form Wikipedia:
"James Longstreet (January 8, 1821 – January 2, 1904) was one of the foremost Confederate generals of the American Civil War and the principal subordinate to General Robert E. Lee, who called him his "Old War Horse." He served under Lee as a corps commander for many of the famous battles fought by the Army of Northern Virginia in the Eastern Theater, but also with Gen. Braxton Bragg in the Army of Tennessee in the Western Theater. Biographer and historian Jeffry D. Wert wrote that 'Longstreet ... was the finest corps commander in the Army of Northern Virginia; in fact, he was arguably the best corps commander in the conflict on either side.' "
Wikipedia - James Longstreet



Shell Monument


Text:
Headquarters
Left Wing
Lieut, Gen. James Longstreet
Sept. 20, 1863, Afternoon






From the NRHP nomination form:

  Structure Number: MT-450
  LCS ID: 003260




Historical Significance:

  National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
  National Register Date:
10/15/1966

  National Historic Landmark?: No
  Significance Level:
Contributing
 

Short Significance Description:

Monument contributes to nat'l significance of the park under NR Criterion A because it represents the national movement among veterans to commemorate Civil War battlefields. This was the first U.S. national military park.
 

Long Significance Description:

Monument marks the site of General James Longstreet's Headquarters commanding the Left Wing of the Condererate Army on the afternoon of September 20, 1863.

Short Physical Description

6'2" square at base and 5' high, the monument consists of a pyramid of cannonballs set in cement & painted black, resting on a molded limestone base. Attached to base is a painted metal plaque identifying the headquarters site.



Long Physical Description

The pyramid's square base is 7 shells wide and 7 shells deep. It is 7 layers tall.

The monument is located within the Chickamauga Battlefield along Dyer Road in North Dyer Field, map site #180.



Material(s)   
 
Structural Component(s) Material(s)
1. 
Superstructure
Iron
2. 
Superstructure
Concrete
3. 
Superstructure
Limestone
4. 
Substructure
Concrete


Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:   
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1893
AD
1895
AD
Betts, E. E.
Engineer


My Sources
1. NRHP
2. Wikipedia - Battle of Chickamauga
3. The Civil War Home - The Chickamauga Campaign - Confederate Order of Battle
4. Wikipedia - James Longstreet

Note
Trailhead Graphics, Inc. has produced a map of the Chickamauga Battlefield showing the locations of all of the monuments and the markers on the battlefield. Each location on the map has a number associated with it that cross-references to an index on the back of the map that has the name of the marker (called the Chick-Chatt NMP monument numbering system). This number corresponds to the structure Number listed on the NPS List of Classified Structures that is normally prefixed with the letters MT for the Chickamauga Battlefield.

Name of Historic District (as listed on the NRHP): Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park

Link to nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com page with the Historic District: [Web Link]

NRHP Historic District Waymark (Optional): [Web Link]

Address:
on the north side of Dyer Rd next to the Dyer House (the house is no longer there) in the Chickamauga National Battlefield.


How did you determine the building to be a contributing structure?: Narrative found on the internet (Link provided below)

Optional link to narrative or database: [Web Link]

Search for...
Geocaching.com Google Map
Google Maps
MapQuest
Bing Maps
Nearest Waymarks
Nearest NRHP Historic Districts - Contributing Buildings
Nearest Geocaches
Nearest Benchmarks
Create a scavenger hunt using this waymark as the center point
Recent Visits/Logs:
Date Logged Log User Rating  
Lat34North visited Longstreet's Headquarters Shell Monument  ~ Chickamauga  National Battlefield 3/2/2011 Lat34North visited it