Culpeper’s South Carolina Battery Marker - Chickamauga National Battlefield
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Lat34North
N 34° 55.294 W 085° 15.618
16S E 658910 N 3865726
Quick Description: This marker to Culpeper’s South Carolina Battery is located at the south end of Poe's Field on the east side of Lafayette Rd, Chickamauga National Battlefield.
Location: Georgia, United States
Date Posted: 4/5/2012 1:49:52 PM
Waymark Code: WME5A1
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member silverquill
Views: 2

Long Description:
This marker is dedicated to Culpeper’s South Carolina Battery and is in recognition of their service during the Battle of Chickamauga, fought September 19–20, 1863. This is the only markers to Culpeper’s South Carolina Battery on the battlefield. It marks their location during the afternoon on Sept. 20, 1863.


Infantry


Text:
Culpeper’s South Carolina
Battery

Sunday, September 20th, 1863
J. F. Culpeper,
Commanding.



A nearby plaque describes the actions of the battery on that day.

Culpeper’s South Carolina Battery
 
1 Napoleon, 2 12 PDR Howitzers
McNair’s Brigade, Johnson’s Division, Hood’s Corps
September 20, 1863
 
 
Capt. James F. Culpeper, Commanding.
 
 
1st Lieut. J.L.S. Dove.
 
 
1st Lieut. J.L. Moses.
 
 
2d Lieut. Henry J. Ham.
 
 
2d Lieut. Perry Moses.
 
 
In the morning the battery was in position on the right of the brigade on a ridge southeast of here. When the enemy advanced about 10:30 P.M., the battery opened fire, aiding in repulsing the attack. In the general advance about 11 A.M., the battery came in position near and north of the Brotherton House and opened fire on the enemy over the heads of the advancing Confederates. About noon it again came into action in the southwest corner of the Poe Field, aiding in forcing the enemy back on Snodgrass Ridge, and later in the day by order of Gen. Longstreet came into action on this ground and opened on the enemy who was crossing the road from his left to his right and continued to fire doing fine execution, till Gen. Stewart's Division in its advanced intervened. The battery fired from this position 250 rounds.

Casualties of the battle: 5 severely and 9 slightly wounded.



From the NRHP nomination form:

  Structure Number: MT-1345
  LCS ID: 003152




Historical Significance:

  National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
  National Register Date:
07/25/1986

  National Historic Landmark?: No
  Significance Level:
Contributing
 

Short Significance Description:

Monument contributes to nat'l significance of the park under NR Criterion A because it represents the national movement among veterans to commemorate Civil War battlefields. This was the first U.S. national military park.

Short Physical Description

A simple, rectangular, rock-faced block mounted on a rock-faced base, 3' wide x 2' high x 1.5' deep, with a smooth-faced area on the front that carries an inscription. Marks regiment's position on September 20, 1863.



Material(s)   
 
Structural Component(s) Material(s)
1. 
Substructure
Limestone
2. 
Superstructure
Granite


Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:   
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1901
AD
 
 
 
 


My Sources
1. NRHP
2. Wikipedia - Battle of Chickamauga
3. The Civil War Home - The Chickamauga Campaign - Confederate Order of Battle

Note
Trailhead Graphics, Inc. has produced a map of the Chickamauga Battlefield showing the locations of all of the monuments and the markers on the battlefield. Each location on the map has a number associated with it that cross-references to an index on the back of the map that has the name of the marker (called the Chick-Chatt NMP monument numbering system). This number corresponds to the structure Number listed on the NPS List of Classified Structures that is normally prefixed with the letters MT for the Chickamauga Battlefield.

Name of Historic District (as listed on the NRHP): Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park

Link to nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com page with the Historic District: [Web Link]

NRHP Historic District Waymark (Optional): [Web Link]

Address:
located at the south end of Poe's Field on the east side of Lafayette Rd, Chickamauga National Battlefield.


How did you determine the building to be a contributing structure?: Narrative found on the internet (Link provided below)

Optional link to narrative or database: [Web Link]

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Recent Visits/Logs:
Date Logged Log User Rating  
Lat34North visited Culpeper’s South Carolina Battery Marker - Chickamauga National Battlefield 3/2/2011 Lat34North visited it