74th Illinois Infantry Monument - Chickamauga National Military Park
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Lat34North
N 34° 54.135 W 085° 16.370
16S E 657802 N 3863564
Quick Description: This monument to the 74th Illinois Infantry is located south of Wilder Tower on Wilders Rd. in the Chickamauga National Military Park. The 75th was part of Post’s brigade and was responsible for guarding the supply wagons.
Location: Georgia, United States
Date Posted: 2/22/2012 7:06:40 AM
Waymark Code: WMDT9G
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member silverquill
Views: 1

Long Description:
This monument for the 74th Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry is in recognition of their service during the Battle of Chickamauga, fought September 19–20, 1863. This is the only monument to the 74th Illinois on the battlefield. The 74th Illinois was organized at Rockford, Illinois and mustered into Federal service on September 4, 1862. The 74th was part of Post’s brigade and was responsible for guarding the supply wagons. Post brigade was not engaged during the battle.





Text on the front of the monument:

Illinois

74th Infantry
1st Brigade – Post
1st Division – Davis
20th Army Corps – McCook
This regiment was engaged in guarding trains September 19th and
acted with Mitchell’s Cavalry corps at Crawfish Springs during
The afternoon of September 20th, 1863.



Text on the back of the monument:

Plaque is missing



The 74th Illinois was commanded by Col. Jason Marsh.

A nearby plaque reads:

Post’s Brigade
 
Davis’ Brigade
McCook’s Corps
Col. P. Sidney Post
Sept. 19 and 20, 1863
 
59th Illinois,
Lieut. Col. Joshua C. Winters
 
74th Illinois,
Col. Jason Marsh
 
75th Illinois,
Col. John E. Bennett
 
22nd Indiana,
Col. Michael Gooding
 
5th Wisconsin Battery,
Capt. George Q. Gardner.

The brigade was not engaged on this field. It remained at Stevens Gap on the 19th guarding wagon trains. On the morning of the 20th it marched for Crawfish Spring and skirmish at intervals with Wheelers cavalry reached the spring at 1 PM. When finding all communication cut off with its corps at 5 PM it marched back to Chattanooga Creek and bivouacked near McCulloch’s house near daylight of the 21st.
Casualties killed 1 wounded 5 missing 19 total 25.




From the NRHP nomination form:

  Structure Number: MT-695(see note)
  LCS ID: 008908




Historical Significance:

  National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
  National Register Date:
11/24/1998

  National Historic Landmark?: No
  Significance Level:
Contributing
 

Short Significance Description:

The marker contributes to the national significance of the park under NR Criterion A because it represents the national movement among veterans to commemorate Civil War battlefields. This was the first U.S. national military park.

Short Physical Description

7'6" x 4'4" x 4'6" high rock-faced monument consisting of rectangular granite block with an inscribed polished front on a granite base. The tops of both pieces are beveled. Marks unit's position on Sept. 20, 1863.



Long Physical Description

Monument is located on the Chickamauga Battlefield along Wilder Road, map site #239.



Material(s)   
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)

1. 
Superstructure
Granite
2. 
Substructure
Limestone
3. 
Superstructure
Bronze


Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:   
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1899
AD
 
 
 
 


My Sources
1. NRHP
2. Wikipedia - Battle of Chickamauga
3. The Civil War Home - The Chickamauga Campaign - Union Order of Battle
4. Wikipedia - 74th Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry

Note
Trailhead Graphics, Inc. has produced a map of the Chickamauga Battlefield showing the locations of all of the monuments and the markers on the battlefield. Each location on the map has a number associated with it that cross-references to an index on the back of the map that has the name of the marker (called the Chick-Chatt NMP monument numbering system). This number corresponds to the structure Number listed on the NPS List of Classified Structures that is normally prefixed with the letters MT for the Chickamauga Battlefield.

Name of Historic District (as listed on the NRHP): Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park

Link to nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com page with the Historic District: [Web Link]

NRHP Historic District Waymark (Optional): [Web Link]

Address:
south of Wilder Tower on Wilders Rd. in the Chickamauga National Military Park.


How did you determine the building to be a contributing structure?: Narrative found on the internet (Link provided below)

Optional link to narrative or database: [Web Link]

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Recent Visits/Logs:
Date Logged Log User Rating  
Lat34North visited 74th Illinois Infantry Monument - Chickamauga National Military Park 5/19/2011 Lat34North visited it