7th Indiana Battery Marker - Chickamauga National Military Park
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Lat34North
N 34° 55.419 W 085° 16.150
16S E 658096 N 3865943
Quick Description: This marker to the 7th Indiana Battery is located at the tree line on the western edge of Dyers Field on Vittetoe-Chickamauga Rd, in the Chickamauga National Battlefield.
Location: Georgia, United States
Date Posted: 2/21/2012 9:28:16 AM
Waymark Code: WMDT3Q
Published By: Groundspeak Charter Member BruceS
Views: 0

Long Description:
This monument for the 7th Indiana Battery Light Artillery is in recognition of their service during the Battle of Chickamauga, fought September 19–20, 1863. This is one of three markers to the 7th Indiana Battery on the battlefield. The 7th Indiana Battery was organized at Indianapolis, Indiana and mustered into Federal service on December 2, 1861. This marker indicates the position held by the 7th from Saturday night, September 19th, 1863, to Sunday, September 20th, 1863.





Text on the front of the monument:

Indiana
Seventh Battery (Swallow)
First Brigade (Sam Beatty)
Third Division (Van Cleve)
Twenty-First Corps (Crittenden)
Saturday night, September 19th, 1863,
To Sunday, September 20th, 1863.





View of Dryer’s Field from the batteries position


The plaque standing near the marker reads:
7th Battery, Indiana Light Artillery
4 10 PDR, Parrotts, 2 Napoleons
Dick’s Brigade, Van Cleve’s Division, Crittenden’s Corps
September 20, 1863
Capt. George R. Swallow, Commanding
1st Lieut. Otho H. Morgan
1st Lieut. John C. Fislar. (Captured)
2nd Lieut. George M Repp
2nd Lieut. Columbus S. Pound


The battery took position with Van Cleve’s division early in the morning on slope of Missionary Ridge west of this position. The division advanced to the front followed by the battery, which took position in rear of the infantry in the open field; was soon ordered by Major Mendenhall to move to the left and when near this position halted for further orders: taking position a little retired. The enemy then opened a heavy fire of musketry in front. The infantry soon fell back and the battery opened on the enemy’s assaulting column composing of one brigade; the fire of the battery on this line, though very rapid, failed to check them. They reached the guns; when with difficulty the battery retired in great haste and much confusion, leaving Lieut. Fislar, one sergeant, one man and one gun in the enemy's hands. Formed in rear of this position but did not fire, and retired soon afternoon with troops under Gen Negley and encamped near Rossville at night.

Casualties: 1 officer missing; 8 men wounded; and 1 Parrott Gun.




From the NRHP nomination form:

  Structure Number: MT-741(see note)
  LCS ID: 008721




Historical Significance:

  National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
  National Register Date:
07/25/1986

  National Historic Landmark?: No
  Significance Level:
Contributing
 

Short Significance Description:

The marker contributes to the national significance of the park under NR Criterion A because it represents the national movement among veterans to commemorate Civil War battlefields. This was the first U.S. national military park.

Short Physical Description

This standard Indiana marker consists of a 4' x 4' x 4'8" high rock-faced oolitic stone block with a peaked top and a 12" x 18" bronze plaque affixed to its front. Marks battery's position on west side of Dyer Field.



Material(s)   
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)

1. 
Superstructure
Bronze
2. 
Superstructure
Limestone
3. 
Substructure
Limestone


Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:   
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1898
AD
 
 
 
 


My Sources
1. NRHP
2. Wikipedia - Battle of Chickamauga
3. The Civil War Home - The Chickamauga Campaign - Union Order of Battle
4. Wikipedia - 7th Indiana Battery Light Artillery

Note
Trailhead Graphics, Inc. has produced a map of the Chickamauga Battlefield showing the locations of all of the monuments and the markers on the battlefield. Each location on the map has a number associated with it that cross-references to an index on the back of the map that has the name of the marker (called the Chick-Chatt NMP monument numbering system). This number corresponds to the structure Number listed on the NPS List of Classified Structures that is normally prefixed with the letters MT for the Chickamauga Battlefield.

Name of Historic District (as listed on the NRHP): Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park

Link to nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com page with the Historic District: [Web Link]

NRHP Historic District Waymark (Optional): [Web Link]

Address:
at the tree line on the western edge of Dyers Field on Vittetoe-Chickamauga Rd, in the Chickamauga National Battlefield.


How did you determine the building to be a contributing structure?: Narrative found on the internet (Link provided below)

Optional link to narrative or database: [Web Link]

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Recent Visits/Logs:
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Lat34North visited 7th Indiana Battery Marker - Chickamauga National Military Park 5/19/2011 Lat34North visited it