3rd Wisconsin Battery - Chickamauga National Battlefield
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Lat34North
N 34° 53.890 W 085° 15.688
16S E 658848 N 3863129
Quick Description: This monument to the 3rd Wisconsin Battery is located on Lafayette Rd near the southern entrance to the Chickamauga National Battlefield.
Location: Georgia, United States
Date Posted: 1/26/2012 1:07:42 PM
Waymark Code: WMDKJP
Published By: Groundspeak Charter Member BruceS
Views: 0

Long Description:
This monument to the 3rd Independent Battery Wisconsin Light Artillery is in recognition of their service during the Battle of Chickamauga, fought September 19–20, 1863. This is one of two markers to the 3rd Wisconsin Battery on the battlefield.

Text on the front of the monument:

Third Wisconsin Battery
3rd Brig. 3rd Div.
21st Army Corps.



Text on the rear of the monument:

This battery, under command of 1st Lieut. Courtland Livingston was engaged on the morning of Sept. 19, 1863, in front of the Viniard house until forced to retire. Occupying and holding this position until night. Successfully aiding in the repulse of the enemies advance from Hall's Ford to the Lafayette Road north of Viniard house, by a fire on his blank. On the morning of the 20th changed position to the hill north of the Dyer house. About 11:30 A.M. was involved in the disaster from the enemies charge through the Dyer field. Losing five guns, 26 men killed, wounded and missing. Capt. Lu. H. Drury was wounded sent Sept. 13, 1863, near Lee and Gordon's Mills.


Text from plaque located next to the monument:

3rd Battery, Wisconsin Light Artillery
4 10 – Pdr. Parrotts, 2 12 – Pdr. Howitzers
Barnes’ Brigade, Van Cleve’s Division, Crittenden’s Corps,
Sept. 19, 1863
1st Lieut. Cortland Livingston, Commanding,
1st Lieut. Hiram F. Hubbard,
2nd Lieut. Henry Currier.


About 1:30 P.M. the battery with Barnes’ Brigade moved from the line near Lee Gordon’s Mill to this position. By order of Major Mendenhall the battery came into position on the right that the 2nd Minnesota Battery, south-east of the Viniard house. The battery fired until a battery on the left was captured by the Confederates. When it limbered up and returned to this position, opened fire on the woods filled with the enemy, checking his advance. The brigade having been driven back rallied and took position on each flank of the battery. From this position the battery opened a very effective enfilade fire on the enemy in the Viniard cornfield. This position was retained with slight changes until 2 A.M. on the 20th.


From the NRHP nomination form:

  Structure Number: MT-1069(see note)
  LCS ID: 003252




Historical Significance:

  National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
  National Register Date:
11/24/1998

  National Historic Landmark?: No
  Significance Level:
Contributing
 

Short Significance Description:

Marker contributes to national significance of park under NR Criterion A because it represents national movement among veterans & related groupds to commemorate Civil War battlefields. This was the first U.S. national military park.
 

Long Significance Description:

Monument located within the Chickamauga Battlefield along the LaFayette Road, map site #248.

Short Physical Description

8' x 5' x 8', the monument consists of rectangular rock-faced base supporting full-size sculpted cannon. Unit designation in raised letters beneath cannon carriage.



Material(s)   
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)

1. 
Superstructure
Granite
2. 
Substructure
Limestone
3. 
Substructure
Bronze †
Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:   
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1898
AD
 
 
 
 


My Sources
1. NRHP
2. Wikipedia - Battle of Chickamauga
3. The Civil War Home - The Chickamauga Campaign - Union Order of Battle


Note
Trailhead Graphics, Inc. has produced a map of the Chickamauga Battlefield showing the locations of all of the monuments and the markers on the battlefield. Each location on the map has a number associated with it that cross-references to an index on the back of the map that has the name of the marker (called the Chick-Chatt NMP monument numbering system). This number corresponds to the structure Number listed on the NPS List of Classified Structures that is normally prefixed with the letters MT for the Chickamauga Battlefield.

† The entry for the monument in the NRHP catalog did not include the bronze plaque located on the rear of the monument.

Name of Historic District (as listed on the NRHP): Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park

Link to nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com page with the Historic District: [Web Link]

NRHP Historic District Waymark (Optional): [Web Link]

Address:
on the east side of Lafayette Rd near the southern entrance to the Chickamauga National Battlefield.


How did you determine the building to be a contributing structure?: Narrative found on the internet (Link provided below)

Optional link to narrative or database: [Web Link]

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Recent Visits/Logs:
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Lat34North visited 3rd Wisconsin Battery - Chickamauga National Battlefield 5/11/2011 Lat34North visited it