78th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment Monument - Chickamauga National Battlefield
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Lat34North
N 34° 54.678 W 085° 15.829
16S E 658608 N 3864582
Quick Description: This marker to the 78th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment is located along a path in the wooded area behind the Brotherton Field on the east side of Lafayette Rd in the Chickamauga National Military Park.
Location: Georgia, United States
Date Posted: 12/2/2011 7:25:01 AM
Waymark Code: WMD7Q4
Published By: Groundspeak Charter Member BruceS
Views: 0

Long Description:
This monument is dedicated to the 78th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, is in recognition of their service during the Battle of Chickamauga, fought September 19–20, 1863 and Chattanooga, TN, November 23-25, 1863.

Text: (front)
78th
Pennsylvania

Night of the 18th and forenoon of 19th September, 1863. Held
fords of the Chickamauga protecting McCook’s Corps
marching from McLemore’s Cove to the Battle Field.

Afternoon of 19th followed McCook passing him in
action south of Widow Glenn House.

Formed on crest of hill north of Widow Glenn
House. Charged en echelon across Dyer Field against the
Enemy, then holding these (Brotherton) woods, drove him
Beyond this position, and held it under fire to 9:30 A.M. of
20th. Then ordered to Snodgrass Hills and Formed across
hill east of Snodgrass House. Defending for two hours. A
Battery firing over the regiment from Snodgrass House.

Then by order from Brigade and Division Commanders
Marched over the hill to McFarlands’ gap and formed across
Dry Valley and halted and reformed disorganized troops
Retreating from the broken right wing until after dark.

Was in the movements of 21st on Missionary Ridge and
At night fell back with the army to the new line for the
Defense of Chattanooga.

With the Army of the Cumberland in the subsequent
Engagements about Chattanooga.





Text: (rear)
The
Commonwealth
Of
Pennsylvania
To
Her 78th Infantry Regiment
Lieut Col Archibald Blakeley Commanding
ChickamaugaChattanooga
Sept 18th, 19th and 20th 1863    Nov 23rd, 24th and 25th, 1863
Sirwell’s Brigade Starkweather’s Brigade
Megley’s Division Johnson’s Division
Thomas Corps. Palmer’s Corp.
Army of the Cumberland



From the NRHP nomination form:

  Structure Number: MT-1048(see note)
  LCS ID: 003144




Historical Significance:

  National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
  National Register Date:
11/24/1998

  National Historic Landmark?: No
  Significance Level:
Contributing
 

Short Significance Description:

Monument contributes to national significance of park under NR Criterion A because it represents the national movement among veterans & related groups to commemorate Civil War battlefields. This was the first U.S. national military park.

Short Physical Description

7'4" x 5'6" x 12' high, monument has 2-step rock-faced base and simple slab-like shaft which is polished on its front and carries an inscription. Acorn is carved into upper step of base. Top is peaked.



Long Physical Description

Monument located within the Chickamauga Battlefield south of the Brotherton Field, map site #229.



Material(s)   
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)

1. 
Substructure
Limestone
2. 
Superstructure
Granite


Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:   
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1894
AD
 
 
 
 


My Sources
1. NRHP
2. Wikipedia - Battle of Chickamauga
3. The Civil War Home - The Chickamauga Campaign - Union Order of Battle

Note
Trailhead Graphics, Inc. has produced a map of the Chickamauga Battlefield showing the locations of all of the monuments and the markers on the battlefield. Each location on the map has a number associated with it that cross-references to an index on the back of the map that has the name of the marker (called the Chick-Chatt NMP monument numbering system). This number corresponds to the structure Number listed on the NPS List of Classified Structures that is normally prefixed with the letters MT for the Chickamauga Battlefield.

Name of Historic District (as listed on the NRHP): Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park

Link to nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com page with the Historic District: [Web Link]

NRHP Historic District Waymark (Optional): [Web Link]

Address:
located along a path in the wooded area behind the Brotherton Field on the east side of Lafayette Rd in the Chickamauga National Military Park.


How did you determine the building to be a contributing structure?: Other (Please explain in the Private Message field)

Optional link to narrative or database: [Web Link]

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Recent Visits/Logs:
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Lat34North visited 78th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment Monument - Chickamauga National Battlefield 5/4/2011 Lat34North visited it