20th Battery, Ohio Light Artillery Monument - Chickamauga National Military Park
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Lat34North
N 34° 55.707 W 085° 15.452
16S E 659149 N 3866494
Quick Description: The 20th Ohio Battery (USA) Monument is located in Kelly’s Field between Lafayette Rd (US 27) and Battleline Rd. The Monument can be access from either road, but the easiest access is from Battleline Rd.
Location: Georgia, United States
Date Posted: 11/18/2011 12:11:44 PM
Waymark Code: WMD4NJ
Published By: Groundspeak Charter Member BruceS
Views: 0

Long Description:
This monument is dedicated to the 20th Ohio Battery (USA), in recognition of their service during the Battle of Chickamauga, fought September 19–20, 1863. It marks their position on Sept. 20, 1863 during the battle.

Text on the rear of the monument:


This battery Capt. Edward Grosskopff, Commanding, with its brigade was held in reserve on Sept. 19th, 1863, till about 12:00 N, when it advanced into action with the brigade. The ground of not being favorable to the use of the artillery, its advance was impeded by woods and fallen timber. The battery went into action when ever opportunity offered. Was engaged in this position on Sept. 20th. Loss, wounded 2, missing 2.


More information from the historic marker located at the monument.

20th Battery, Ohio Light Artillery.
4 3” Rifles, 2 Napoleons.
Dodge’s Brigade, Johnson’s Division, McCook’s Corps.
September 20, 1863
Capt. Edward Grosskopff, Commanding


The battery remained in rear of the brigade in the early morning and came into position on this ground soon after 9 A.M. and aided in the holding in check an attack on the left flank. About 11 or 11:30 A.M. the battery was ordered by a staff officer to take position more to the right, but did not reach the designated point before the line was broken. The battery then withdrew toward the hills, and soon after noon proceeded toward McFarland’s Gap and Rossville, where it bivouacked. Casualties of the battle: 2 men wounded; 2 men missing; 9 horses killed, 2 wounded; one caisson abandoned.







From the NRHP nomination form:

  Structure Number: MT-942(see note)
  LCS ID: 003063




Historical Significance:

  National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
  National Register Date:
11/24/1998

  National Historic Landmark?: No
  Significance Level:
Contributing
 

Short Significance Description:

Monument contributes to nat'l significance of park under NR Criterion A because it represents national movement among veterans & related groups to commemorate Civil War battlefields. This was the first U.S. national military park.

Short Physical Description

5' x 5' x 8'6" obelisk on tapered pedestal and slab base. Pedestal has raised lettering, and shaft has crossed cannon tubes in a circular medallion within rock-faced block. Located in Kelly Field.



Long Physical Description

Monument located in Kelly Field in the Chickamauga Battlefield, map site #123



Material(s)   
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)

1. 
Superstructure
Granite
2. 
Substructure
Limestone



Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:   
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1894
AD
 
 
Niehaus, C. H.
Sculptor


My Sources
1. NRHP
2. Wikipedia - Battle of Chickamauga
3. The Civil War Home - The Chickamauga Campaign - Union Order of Battle



Note
Trailhead Graphics, Inc. has produced a map of the Chickamauga Battlefield showing the locations of all of the monuments and the markers on the battlefield. Each location on the map has a number associated with it that cross-references to an index on the back of the map that has the name of the marker (called the Chick-Chatt NMP monument numbering system). This number corresponds to the structure Number listed on the NPS List of Classified Structures that is normally prefixed with the letters MT for the Chickamauga Battlefield.

Name of Historic District (as listed on the NRHP): Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park

Link to nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com page with the Historic District: [Web Link]

NRHP Historic District Waymark (Optional): [Web Link]

Address:
located in Kelly’s Field between Lafayette Rd (US 27) and Battleline Rd. The Monument can be access from either road, but the easiest access is from Battleline Rd.


How did you determine the building to be a contributing structure?: Other (Please explain in the Private Message field)

Optional link to narrative or database: [Web Link]

Search for...
Geocaching.com Google Map
Google Maps
MapQuest
Bing Maps
Nearest Waymarks
Nearest NRHP Historic Districts - Contributing Buildings
Nearest Geocaches
Nearest Benchmarks
Create a scavenger hunt using this waymark as the center point
Recent Visits/Logs:
Date Logged Log User Rating  
Lat34North visited 20th Battery, Ohio Light Artillery Monument - Chickamauga National Military Park 5/4/2011 Lat34North visited it