C&O Canal - Lock #13
Posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member ParrotRob
N 38° 58.332 W 077° 10.766
18S E 311195 N 4315950
Quick Description: Lock #13 (of 74) on the Chesapeake & Ohio Canal - Seven Locks #6 - Mile 9.37
Location: Maryland, United States
Date Posted: 5/17/2006 2:45:04 PM
Waymark Code: WMCWC
Published By: Groundspeak Regular Member ParrotRob
Views: 19

Long Description:
Seven Locks #6

This is the thirteenth lock, heading west, in the Chesapeake and Ohio canal system. It is located in Montgomery County, Maryland, in the area known as Seven Locks, due to the presence of seven canal locks in the span of just over a mile. This is the sixth of the seven locks. It is located at canal milepost 9.37 and actually sits UNDERNEATH of the American Legion Bridge carrying I-495 over the Clara Barton Parkway, the C&O Canal and the Potomac River.

Locks 8 through 14 are all within 1.2 miles along the towpath and can all be easily reached by parking at Lock #8. There is also parking at Lock #10. Note: There is a VERY steep hill at Lock #8 from the parking area down to the lock and towpath.

The Chesapeake and Ohio Canal runs 184.5 miles from Georgetown in Washington, DC to Cumberland, Maryland, paralleling the largely unnavigable Potomac River. Originally conceived by George Washington, the intent of the canal was to open shipping to the coal-rich area of Western Maryland, West Virginia and Western Pennsylvania, with the original intention of linking to the Ohio River in Pittsburgh.

Construction of the canal began on July 4, 1828, the same day that ground was broken for the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad in Baltimore, Maryland. By the time the canal reached Cumberland in 1850 it was many years behind schedule and tens of millions of dollars over budget. Although profitable for a brief period during the mid-19th century, as a commercial venture, the canal was doomed by the success of the railroad and operation of the canal was discontinued in 1924 following a catastrophic flood.

In 1938, the federal government acquired the canal land from the then-owner, the B&O Railroad with the intention of converting the canal and towpath into a highway, an idea that persisted well into the 1950's. Supreme Court Justice William Douglas campaigned for the preservation of the land and garnered much publicity by walking the entire towpath in March of 1954 eventually leading to the abandonment of the highway plan. The entire 184.5 miles of canal land were made into a National Historical Park by President Nixon in 1971.

For more information on the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, visit www.candocanal.org

Waterway Name: Chesapeake & Ohio Canal

Connected Points:
Georgetown, DC to Cumberland, Maryland

Type: Lock

Date Opened: 09/01/1831

Date Closed (if applicable): 03/29/1924

Elevation Difference (meters): 3.00

Site Status: Inactive

Web Site: [Web Link]

Visit Instructions:
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