Second Battalion Georgia Sharpshooters - Chickamauga National Battlefield
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Lat34North
N 34° 56.054 W 085° 15.301
16S E 659368 N 3867139
Quick Description: This monument to the Georgia 2d Battalion Sharpshooters is located on the north side Alexander Bridge Rd. in the Chickamauga National Military Park. It is one of many similar markers to Georgia units that fought here during the battle of Chickamauga.
Location: Georgia, United States
Date Posted: 9/10/2011 2:21:14 PM
Waymark Code: WMCHX4
Published By: Groundspeak Regular Member Math Teacher
Views: 0

Long Description:
This monument is dedicated to the Georgia 2d Battalion Sharpshooters is in recognition of their service during the Battle of Chickamauga, fought September 19–20, 1863. It marks their position at 5:30 p.m. Sept. 20, 1863 during the battle.

Text:
C.S.A.

Georgia
2d Battalion
Sharpshooters
Maj. Richard W. Whiteley
Jackson’s Brigade
Cheatham’s Division
5:30 P. M. Sept. 20, 1863




From the marker located across the road, tour stop #2.


The second day begins
Morning brought repeated attacks on the Union breastworks here


By the morning of September 20, 1863, Gen. Braxton Bragg had organized his Confederate army into two wings -- Longstreet on the left and Polk´s here on the right. Bragg ordered Polk to attack at dawn. However, the attack was delayed, in the Federals used the first critical hours of daylight to strengthen their log breastworks.

Finally, at 9:30 a.m. Maj. Gen. John C. Breckinridge´s Confederate Division struck the Union breastworks at this point. Other Confederate units joined them as the attack spread southward along the line of monuments behind you. The pressure of these attacks forced Union commander Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans to move men from his center to stop the attack here on his left.

About noon the futile and costly Confederate charges ended, not be resumed until late afternoon. The federals stood firm behind their log wall, awaiting the outcome of the fighting still raging south of here.


From the NRHP nomination form:

  Structure Number: MT-1295(see note)
  LCS ID: 008842




Historical Significance:

  National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
  National Register Date:
07/25/1986

  National Historic Landmark?: No
  Significance Level:
Contributing
 

Short Significance Description:

Marker contributes to national significance of park under NR Criterion A because it represents national movement among veterans & related groups to commemorate Civil War battlefields. This was the first U.S. national military park.

Short Physical Description

A rock-faced, peaked-top granite slab, 4'6" wide x 6' high x 1'8" thick, that carries an inscription, with a cartridge box carved in relief above it. Marks unit's position on September 20, 1863, at 5:30 p.m.


Material(s)   
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)

1. 
Superstructure
Granite



Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:   
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1898
AD
1899
AD
 
 


My Sources
1. NRHP Narrative
2. Wikipedia - Battle of Chickamauga
3. The Civil War Home - The Chickamauga Campaign - Confederate Order of Battle



Note
Trailhead Graphics, Inc. has produced a map of the Chickamauga Battlefield showing the locations of all of the monuments and the markers on the battlefield. Each location on the map has a number associated with it that cross-references to an index on the back of the map that has the name of the marker (called the Chick-Chatt NMP monument numbering system). This number corresponds to the structure Number listed on the NPS List of Classified Structures that is normally prefixed with the letters MT for the Chickamauga Battlefield.

Name of Historic District (as listed on the NRHP): Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park

Link to nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com page with the Historic District: [Web Link]

NRHP Historic District Waymark (Optional): [Web Link]

Address:
located on the north side Alexander Bridge Rd. in the Chickamauga National Military Park. It is one of many similar markers to Georgia units that fought here during the battle of Chickamauga.


How did you determine the building to be a contributing structure?: Other (Please explain in the Private Message field)

Optional link to narrative or database: [Web Link]

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Lat34North visited Second Battalion Georgia Sharpshooters  - Chickamauga National Battlefield 2/23/2011 Lat34North visited it