1st Ohio Cavalry Monument - Chickamauga National Battlefield, GA
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Lat34North
N 34° 54.472 W 085° 16.404
16S E 657739 N 3864186
Quick Description: The 1st Ohio Cavalry Monument is located on Genn-Viniard / Vittetoe Chickamauga Road near driving tour stop 6, Chickamauga National Battlefield Park. The monuments to the 1st, 3rd and 4th Ohio Cavalry Monument are located close to each other.
Location: Georgia, United States
Date Posted: 9/4/2011 10:35:59 AM
Waymark Code: WMCG8T
Published By: Groundspeak Charter Member BruceS
Views: 1

Long Description:
The 1st Ohio Cavalry monument depicts a Cavalryman on horseback charging, his left hand holds the reins. He holds his sword in his right hand. The arm is raised, elbow extended back behind his head and bent forward. The sword is pointing forward, blade curving downward. His gaze is to the front. A plaque on the rear of the monument description the actions of the 1st during the Chickamauga Campaign.

Text on front:

1st Ohio Cavalry
Lt. Col. Valentine Cupp, Commanding

Long’s Brigade Crook’s Division
Cavalry Corps.

Plaque on the rear of the monument:

    Organized, Camp Chase, Ohio, August 1861.
   We enlisted January 4, 1864.
   Mustard out, Hilton Haed, S. C. Sept. 13th, 1865.

Crossed Lookout Mountain with the advance of the right wing of the Army Sept. 13, 1863. Fought at Alpine Sept. 10th, pushing the enemy through Broomtown Valley. September 13th, reconnoitered towards Lafayette. Found Gen. Bragg’s Army in force, re-crossed lookout. March down McLemore’s Cove, and fought at Glass’ Mill on the right of the Federal Army, Sept. 20th, about 4 miles S. W. of this ground.

Lieut. Col. D. Cupp killed.

Company commanders.
Co. B. Capt. G. F. Conn    Co. H. Lt. D Roush
Co. D. Lt J. W. Kirkendall    Co. I. Capt. J. P. Rea
Co. E Lt. A. D. Lutz    Co. K. Capt. W. H. Woodlief
Co. F. Capt. L. Pickering    Co. L. Capt. J. D. Barker
Co. G Capt. J. O. Frazenberger    Co. M. Lt. W. L. Curry

From the NRHP nomination form:

  Structure Number: MT-943 (see note)
  LCS ID: 003107

Historical Significance:

  National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
  National Register Date:

  National Historic Landmark?: No
  Significance Level:

Short Significance Description:

Monument contributes to nat'l significance of park under NR Criterion A because it represents the national movement among veterans & related groups to commemorate Civil War battlefields. This was the first U.S. national military park.

Short Physical Description

8' x 3' x 8'6", monument has single-slab, rock-faced base supporting round-topped slab with carved relief of charging cavalryman on face. Unit information is in raised letters above & below the relief. Moved 640 feet for road re-routing.

Long Physical Description

Monument is located within the Chickamauga Battlefield west of the Wilder Brigade Monument, map site #236.

This monument has been moved twice. First in 1966 it was moved (640 feet) to make way for a proposed new road. However, that project never happened, so in 2002, this monument was moved back to its original position.


1 - 2,000 cubic feet

Structural Component(s)


Construction Period:
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer Occupation
Beattie, H. W./Niehaus, C. H.


My Sources
1. NRHP Narrative
2. Wikipedia - Battle of Chickamauga
3. Wikipedia - 1st Ohio Cavalry

Trailhead Graphics, Inc. has produced a map of the Chickamauga Battlefield showing the locations of all of the monuments and the markers on the battlefield. Each location on the map has a number associated with it that cross-references to an index on the back of the map that has the name of the marker (called the Chick-Chatt NMP monument numbering system). This number corresponds to the structure Number listed on the NPS List of Classified Structures that is normally prefixed with the letters MT for the Chickamauga Battlefield.

Name of Historic District (as listed on the NRHP): Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park

Link to nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com page with the Historic District: [Web Link]

NRHP Historic District Waymark (Optional): [Web Link]

on Genn-Viniard / Vittetoe Chickamauga Road near driving tour stop 6, Chickamauga National Battlefield Park.

How did you determine the building to be a contributing structure?: Other (Please explain in the Private Message field)

Optional link to narrative or database: [Web Link]

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Recent Visits/Logs:
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Lat34North visited 1st Ohio Cavalry Monument - Chickamauga National Battlefield, GA 3/2/2011 Lat34North visited it