Iron Range Historical Marker – rural Cloquet, MN
Posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member wildernessmama
N 46° 33.568 W 092° 35.834
15T E 530871 N 5156289
Quick Description: This historical marker is located on the I-35 northbound rest area south of Cloquet.
Location: Minnesota, United States
Date Posted: 8/7/2011 10:56:46 AM
Waymark Code: WMC86T
Published By: Groundspeak Regular Member KC0GRN
Views: 0

Long Description:
This historical marker is located on the I-35 northbound rest area south of Cloquet. The text reads:

“The Iron Range. One hundred miles north and west of Duluth lies the Iron Range. North America’s largest iron ore region consists of three major iron ranges: the Vermilion, the Mesabi, and the Cuyuna. The Vermilion was the first to ship iron ore from Minnesota beginning in 1884 at Tower – Sudan. Extending from Tower to Ely, the Vermilion ore was found in vertical deposits requiring the use of underground mining techniques. The great Mesabi Range, extending for nearly 100 miles from Grand Rapids to Babbitt, was discovered in 1890. Because the iron was located in shallow basins near the surface, the technique of open pit mining was used to extract the ore. The Cuyuna Range, located between Brainard and Crosby-Ireton, shipped its first ore in 1911. Both open pit and underground mining occurred on the Cuyuna, which was noted for its high quality manganese ores.

“More than 400 mines in Minnesota produced over three billion metric tons of ore that were shipped east on ore boats across the Great Lakes. The ore was used to make the steel that built America’s industries, transportation systems and many things used in everyday life.

“Many mines are now closed: only those on the Mesabi Range continue to operate, producing taconite, a less rich iron ore requiring processing prior to shipment. The Soudan Mine, where the first ore was mined, was established as a state park after the mine closed in 1962. Since 1963, visitors have descended over twenty-five hundred feet into the ground, as the miners once did, to learn how iron ore was extracted at such depths. The Iron Range offers many places where evidence of its past is plainly visible and well interpreted.

“Immigrants from many parts of Europe forged a regional identity as they toiled in the mines and the boarding houses, and frequently battled the mining companies. That fighting spirit remains in the people called ‘Rangers.’”

This historical marker was erected in 1997 by the Minnesota Historical Society.
Marker Type:: Roadside

Visit Instructions:
A photo of the 'Marker' or 'Plaque' is required to identify the location, plus a picture of the 'Historic Site'.
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