18th Ohio Infantry Regiment Monument - Chickamauga National Battlefield
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Lat34North
N 34° 55.653 W 085° 16.101
16S E 658163 N 3866377
Quick Description: The 18th Ohio Infantry Regiment Monument is located on Snodgrass Hill at the Chickamauga National Battlefield. This monument was placed in honor of the 18th Ohio Infantry for their service in the Battle of Chickamauga on Sept 19/20, 1863.
Location: Georgia, United States
Date Posted: 8/4/2011 11:26:22 AM
Waymark Code: WMC7GV
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member silverquill
Views: 0

Long Description:
This monument to the 18th Ohio Infantry Regiment and is in recognition of their service during the Battle of Chickamauga, fought September 19–20, 1863.



Description: A flared granite marker with a bronze relief plaque on the front depicting a Civil War battle scene. Soldiers with rifles, bayonets fixed, are in the lower foreground, their backs to the viewer, against a wooded background. An officer is seen in the middle ground on horseback, his sword raise as he leads his men forward. On the back of the marker is a medallion of the Ohio State seal. The marker has a cap with scrolling on each corner, and is mounted upon a rectangular, two-block, rock-faced base.

Text on the front of the monument:

18th Ohio Infantry,
Stanley’s Brigade, Negley’s Division Thomas’ Corps.

Text on the rear of the monument:

This regiment, Lieutenant Colonel Charles H. Grosvenor commanding moved to the support of General. Beatty at Glass’ Mill September 19, 1863, at 9:00 A.M. marched to this field at 2:00 P.M. engaged the enemy west of Brotherton’s House at 5:30 P.M. and bivouacked for the night.

September 20, at 9:30 A.M. Met the enemy at the north end of Kelly's Field. Assisted in the repulse of a brigade in and the capture of General Adams; advanced to the McDonald’s Field; arrived upon this ridge at 1:00 A M. supported Lieutenant Smith’s 4th United States Battery; participated at 5:00 P.M. in the repulse of General Gracie and in retaking the breast works; occupied this position till the Army retired at night.

Timothy R. Stanley, Colonel. Charles H. Grosvenor Lieutenant Colonel
Johnson M. Welch, Major. William P. Johnson, Surgeon
William B. Evanis, Lieutenant and Adjutant. Federick J. Ryan, Lieutenant and Regimental Quarter master


Company A. Captain Pearly G. Brown
Company F. Lieutenant Charles M Crupp
Company B. Lieutenant John G. Honnell
Company G. Captain Charles A. Cable
Company C. Lieutenant David B. Carlin
Company H. Captain Ebenezer Grosvenor
Company D. Lieutenant John Benedict
Company I. Captain Charles C. Ross
Company E. Lieutenant John H. Acton
Company K. Captain Joseph C. McElroy



From the NRHP nomination form:

  Structure Number: MT-970 (see note)
  LCS ID: 003030




Historical Significance:


  National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
  National Register Date:
10/15/1966

  National Historic Landmark?: No
  Significance Level:
Contributing
 

Short Significance Description:

Monument contributes to nat'l significance of park under NR Criterion A because it represents the national movement among veterans & related groups to commemorate Civil War battlefields. This was the first U.S. national military park.

Short Physical Description

7' x 3' x 10'6", the monument has 2-step rock-faced base supporting frame-like, smooth-finished slab. On face is bronze relief panel of battle scene. Unit identification in raised letters below relief, and scroll forms on cap.


Long Physical Description

Monument is located in the Chickamauga Battlefield on Snodgrass Hill, map site #149.



Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:   
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1894
AD
 
 
Niehaus, C. H.
Sculptor
2. 
Built
1894
AD
 
 
Power, Maurice J
Sculptor
3. 
Built
1894
AD
 
 
Harder, J. F.
Architect


My Sources
1. NRHP Narrative
2. Wikipedia - Battle of Chickamauga
3. Wikipedia - 18th Ohio Volunteer Infantry (or 18th OVI)
4. SIRIS - 18th Ohio Infantry Regiment Monument


Note
Trailhead Graphics, Inc. has produced a map of the Chickamauga Battlefield showing the locations of all of the monuments and the markers on the battlefield. Each location on the map has a number associated with it that cross-references to an index on the back of the map that has the name of the marker (called the Chick-Chatt NMP monument numbering system). This number corresponds to the structure Number listed on the NPS List of Classified Structures that is normally prefixed with the letters MT for the Chickamauga Battlefield.

Name of Historic District (as listed on the NRHP): Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park

Link to nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com page with the Historic District: [Web Link]

NRHP Historic District Waymark (Optional): [Web Link]

Address:
The 18th Ohio Infantry Regiment Monument is located on top of Snodgrass Hill, tour stop 8. Tour stop 8 is located at the parking area at the end of an un-named road off of Vittetoe Rd. Maps and tour information can be obtained from the National Park Service at the visitor center located on Lafayette Hwy (US 27), at the entrance to the park.


How did you determine the building to be a contributing structure?: Narrative found on the internet (Link provided below)

Optional link to narrative or database: [Web Link]

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Lat34North visited 18th Ohio Infantry Regiment Monument - Chickamauga National Battlefield 3/16/2011 Lat34North visited it