75th Pennsylvania Infantry Monument - Gettysburg, PA
Posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member Math Teacher
N 39° 50.600 W 077° 13.776
18S E 309239 N 4412747
Quick Description: This monument is one of 110 honoring Pennsylvania troops who participated in the Gettysburg campaign and one of two dedicated to the 75th Pennsylvania Infantry. It marks the position of the regiment on July 1, 1863, when they attacked Ewell's Corps.
Location: Pennsylvania, United States
Date Posted: 7/1/2011 11:31:02 PM
Waymark Code: WMBXMJ
Published By: Groundspeak Charter Member BruceS
Views: 0

Long Description:

The 75th Pennsylvania Infantry served as a member of Kryzanowski’s Brigade in Schurz’s Division of the Elventh Corps, Army of the Potomac. It was commanded by Col. Francis Mahler (1826-1863) a native of Baden, Germany. He was a shoemaker in Philadelphia. He was mortally wounded in action on July 1 and died on July 4. Major August Ledig then took over command.

The monument to the 75th Pennsylvania Infantry is north of Gettysburg on the south side of East Howard Avenue 430 feet east of Biglerville Road. The Draw the Sword site helped out by the NPS narrative and the SIRIS site offers the following description: Sculpture: black-grey granite with a bronze relief; Base: stone. Polished monument has a sphere finial, Gothic top and stands on a low, square base. The Pennsylvania Coat of Arms is affixed to the front of the die. Base is stepped with the lower 4.6 foot of smooth cut stone, while the upper part has a polished face. Flanking markers are polished stone one foot square. It marks the position of the regiment on July 1, 1863, when they were attacked by Ewell’s Corps. The monument was dedicated on October 6, 1888, Bureau Brothers, founder. The dimensions are: Sculpture: approx. H. 9 ft. 3 in.; Base: approx. 16 in. x 5 ft. 9 in. x 5 ft. 9 in. The monument is composed of Sculpture: black-grey granite with a bronze relief; Base: stone.

The text of the marker reads:

(Front):
July 1. Fought on this position from 2 p.m. until the Corps retired.

July 2. & 3. Held position at stone wall near the Cemetery as shown by monument there.
Present at Gettysburg 258.
Killed, Officers 3, Men 16.
Wounded, Officers 5, Men 84.
Captured or missing, men 3.
Total loss 111.

(Left):

Recruited at Philadelphia
Mustered in August 9, 1861.
Reenlisted January 2, 1864.
Mustered out September 1, 1865.

(Right):
Cross Keys - Chancellorsville
Freeman's Ford - Gettysburg
Groveton - Wauhatchie
2nd Bull Run - Chattanooga

The 75th Pennsylvania Infantry Monument is a contributing feature to the Gettysburg National Military Park Historic District which is nationally significant under NR Criteria A, B, C & D. Areas of Significance: Military, Politics/Government, Landscape Architecture, Conservation, Archeology-Historic. Period of Significance: 1863-1938. The original National Register Nomination was approved by the Keeper March 19, 1975. An update to this nomination was approved by the Keeper on January 23, 2004. The monument is identified as structure number MN062-B.

From the nomination form:

1 of 110 Monuments to Pennsylvania. Indicates position of 75th PA Infty afternoon July 1, 1863. Located S side of E Howard Av., markers are 44' & 32', respectively from monument.

Short Physical Description:

1 Mn. Smooth stone base 5' sq. Smooth granite shaft with excised inscription & detailing, bronze medallion on lower part of shaft. Topped w/curved, cylindrical cap. All 12'6" H. Small chips in base.

Long Physical Description Monument that has two flanking markers. Monument is a polished granite shaft with an incised inscription topped by an ogee style cap and ball. Base is stepped with the lower 4.6 foot of smooth cut stone, while the upper part has a polished face. Flanking markers are polished stone one foot square. Located on the south side of East Howard Avenue.


My Sources
1. Draw the Sword
2. SIRIS
3. Virtual Gettysburg
4. Historical Marker Database
5. Stone Sentinels
6. NRHP Narrative

Date Installed or Dedicated: 10/6/1888

Name of Government Entity or Private Organization that built the monument: Commonwealth of Pennsylvania

Union, Confederate or Other Monument: Union

Rating (1-5):

Related Website: [Web Link]

Photo or photos will be uploaded.: yes

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