Avenida da Liberdade - Lisbon, Portugal
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Marine Biologist
N 38° 42.999 W 009° 08.570
29S E 487582 N 4285343
Quick Description: The Avenida da Liberdade, or Liberty Avenue, is a well-known boulevard in Lisbon, Portugal.
Location: Lisboa, Portugal
Date Posted: 4/8/2011 4:17:26 PM
Waymark Code: WMB5Q5
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member razalas
Views: 11

Long Description:
"Avenida da Liberdade (Liberty Avenue) is an important avenue in central Lisbon, in Portugal. It is a 90 metre-wide boulevard with ten lanes divided by pedestrian pavements decorated with gardens. It links Restauradores Square with the Marquis of Pombal Square.

The Liberdade Avenue and the Restauradores Square have its origins in a public park (Passeio Público) inaugurated in the area in 1764, created by Pombaline architect Reinaldo Manuel. Initially surrounded by a high wall, the park was revamped in the 1830s and 1840s by architect Malaquias Ferreira Leal, who introduced a new arrangement of the flora as well as fountains, a waterfall and statues. The allegoric statues representing the Tagus river and Douro river in the boulevard of the avenue date from this time.

After much discussion and polemics, the avenue was built between 1879 and 1886, modelled after the boulevards of Paris. Its creation was a landmark in the Northwards expansion of the city, and it quickly became a preferred address for the upper class.

Many of the original buildings of the avenue have been replaced in the last decades by tall office and hotel buildings. Nowadays it boasts several interesting buildings that reflect Portuguese architecture from the late 19th through the early 21st centuries. Its pedestrian sidewalks and roundabouts, paved with the traditional Portuguese pavement, are decorated with many monuments and statues that pay hommage to important personalities like Almeida Garrett, Alexandre Herculano and others. The large monument to the fallen in World War I, inaugurated in 1931, is the work of Rebelo de Andrade and Maximiano Alves.

Its scenic qualities, hotels, shops, theatres and architecture turn it into an important tourist attraction of the city. Famous nationally for hosting numerous luxury brands like Christian Dior, Chanel, Versace, Balmain, Gucci, Givenchy, Yves Saint Laurent, Michael Kors, Stella McCartney, Christian Louboutin, Donna Karan and others like Louis Vuitton, Prada, Dolce & Gabbana, Armani, Todd's, Burberry. It is nowadays considered as the 35th most expensive avenue in the world.

Transportation

There are three Lisbon Metro stations along the avenue:

* "Restauradores" at the southeast end, served by the blue line.
* "Avenida" at about the midpoint of the avenue, served by the blue line.
* "Marquês de Pombal" at the northwest end (close to a giant roundabout with 4 lanes), served by the blue and yellow lines.

-- Source

Designação (Name): Avenida da Liberdade

Categoria de protecção (Classification): Classificado como CIP - Conjunto de Interesse Público

Categoria/Tipologia (Type of heritage): Arquitectura Civil / Conjunto

Concelho (City): Lisboa

Página do Património na base de dados do IGESPAR (Page of the Heritage at the IGESPAR database): [Web Link]

Wikipedia: [Web Link]

Visit Instructions:
[PT]
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[ENG]
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