Phelps Country Estate – Carthage, Missouri
Posted by: Groundspeak Charter Member BruceS
N 37° 15.018 W 094° 14.154
15S E 390393 N 4123355
Quick Description: Historic country estate featuring a late Victorian mansion near Carthage, Missouri.
Location: Missouri, United States
Date Posted: 4/8/2015 9:34:57 PM
Waymark Code: WMNNJ1
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member silverquill
Views: 0

Long Description:

The Phelps Country Estate consists of a contributing main house, well house, caretaker's cottage, carriage house, workshop, silo, and large barn, all occupying spacious grounds including a yard shaded by handsome maples and fenced pastures. The estate is located on a prairie of rural Jasper County some 4 miles northeast of Carthage, Missouri. The main house is constructed of locally quarried Carthage marble in a late Victorian era, Jacobethan derived style. The two story structure with a red tile covered complex hip and valley roof and tall chimneys features the assymetrical massing with one parapet terminated wall dormer that is typical of medival derived eclectic architecture combined with the usual mid-to-late Victorian era wrap around veranda and the classicism of the late Victorian era that is reflected on this house in the cornice and veranda. The interior of this house is in the Edwardian neo-classic made with fine quality oak and cherry wood work. Upon entering the house, a library, with a living and dining room to the right, is encountered. A wide archway supported by Ionic columns and pilasters grants access to a stair hall. The staircase is announced by the typical massive Victorian newell and a banister supported by spiraled balusters. At the landing is a stained glass window.

Significant outbuildings include a carriage house and workshop of undistinguished design except for the unusual construction materials Carthage marble which links them to the main house. There is also a frame caretaker's cottage, architecturally undistinguished, but contributing to the estate ensemble, a silo and a large barn that gains interest with its shingled upper story and large cross gable...

The Phelps Country house is a unique rural residence in Jasper County. This is because it was not the home of a farming family, but .rather the country estate of one of Carthage's wealthiest citizens: William H. Phelps. It is, if not an identical twin, at least a close cousin in style and form to the city residence of Phelps. It belongs to the larger context of the architectural development after the Civil War of Carthage, Missouri -made possible .-by good rail service and a booming lead, zinc, and marble mining industry. Few other Missouri communities of ca. 10,000 population attained the wealth that Carthage did, nor can they boast the assemblage of fine Victorian period residences that Carthage possesses. In form and style, the Phelps Country House must be evaluated as an extension of this group of fine urban homes. Like many of them it is constructed of Carthage marble. It is also like many Carthage homes, a good example of late Victorian eclecticism, possessing the massing and open floor plan of the Queen Anne revival, expressed in this instance in a Jacobethan surface style with a Victorian veranda, and the free classic detailing on both the interior and exterior that was the product of a late 19th century reaction against earlier Eastlake and other Gothic derived decoration. It's craftsmanship, both in exterior stone and interior woodwork, is very fine for outstate Missouri.

– National Register Nomination

The main house appears to be in good condition and is private residence. The out buildings are not in the nearly as good condition and have deteriorated.


Street address:
Newcastle Rd. just west of CR100
Carthage, Missouri

County / Borough / Parish: Jasper

Year listed: 1983

Historic (Areas of) Significance: Architecture/Engineering

Periods of significance: 1900-1924

Historic function: Domestic

Current function: Domestic

Privately owned?: yes

Primary Web Site: [Web Link]

Secondary Website 1: [Web Link]

Season start / Season finish: Not listed

Hours of operation: Not listed

Secondary Website 2: Not listed

National Historic Landmark Link: Not listed

Visit Instructions:
Please give the date and brief account of your visit. Include any additional observations or information that you may have, particularly about the current condition of the site. Additional photos are highly encouraged, but not mandatory.
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