Vincent of Saragossa - Lisbon, Portugal
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Metro2
N 38° 42.736 W 009° 07.812
29S E 488680 N 4284855
Quick Description: Vincent of Saragossa was martyred in 1185. This sculpture is located in Lisbon's plaza known as Miradouro das Portas do Sol.
Location: Lisboa, Portugal
Date Posted: 3/6/2015 6:57:10 PM
Waymark Code: WMNFKX
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member scrambler390
Views: 0

Long Description:
This somewhat larger than life marble sculpture depicts St. Vincent of Saragossa standing in clerical garb. He holds aship to his chest with his left arm and two ravens sit on the ship.
The artist is Portuguese sculptor Raul Maria Xavier (1894 — 1964). It was dedicated in 1970. The work is set on a short marble square plinth about 4 feet high which is simply engraved "S. VICENTE".

Wikipedia (visit link) informs us:

"Saint Vincent of Saragossa, also known as Vincent Martyr, Vincent of Huesca or Vincent the Deacon, is the patron saint of Lisbon and Valencia. His feast day is 22 January in the Roman Catholic Church and Anglican Communion and 11 November in the Eastern Orthodox Churches. He was born at Huesca and martyred under the Emperor Diocletian around the year 304...

He was born at Huesca, near Saragossa, Spain sometime during the latter part of the 3rd century; it is believed his father was Eutricius (Euthicius), and his mother was Enola, a native of Osca.

Vincent spent most of his life in the city of Saragossa, where he was educated and ordained to the diaconate by Bishop Valerius of Saragossa, who commissioned Vincent to preach throughout the diocese. Because Valerius suffered from a speech impediment, Vincent acted as his spokesman.

The earliest account of Vincent's martyrdom is in a carmen (lyric poem) written by the poet Prudentius, who wrote a series of lyric poems, Peristephanon ("Crowns of Martyrdom"), on Hispanic and Roman martyrs. When the Roman Emperor Diocletian began persecuting Christians in Spain, both were brought before the Roman governor, Dacian in Valencia. Vincent answered in the bishop's name, speaking eloquently for both his bishop and his church.

His outspoken manner so angered the governor that Vincent was tortured on a gridiron — a story perhaps adapted from the martyrdom of another son of Huesca, Saint Lawrence— Vincent, like many early martyrs in the early hagiographic literature, succeeded in converting his jailer. Though he was finally offered release if he would consign Scripture to the fire, Vincent refused. The aged bishop Valerius was exiled.

According to legend, after being martyred, ravens protected St. Vincent's body from being devoured by vultures, until his followers could recover the body. His body was taken to what is now known as Cape St. Vincent; a shrine was erected over his grave, which continued to be guarded by flocks of ravens. In the time of Muslim rule in the Iberian Peninsula, the Arab geographer Al-Idrisi noted this constant guard by ravens, for which the place was named by him ..."Kanisah al-Ghurab" (Church of the Raven). King Afonso I of Portugal (1139–1185) had the body of the saint exhumed in 1173 and brought it by ship to the Monastery of São Vicente de Fora in Lisbon. This transfer of the relics is depicted on the coat of arms of Lisbon."
Relevant Website: [Web Link]

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Metro2 visited Vincent of Saragossa - Lisbon, Portugal 9/22/2013 Metro2 visited it