Hill’s Corps. Headquartes Shell Monument - Chickamauga National Military Park
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Lat34North
N 34° 55.941 W 085° 15.057
16S E 659742 N 3866937
Quick Description: This pyramid of cannon balls marks where Lieut. General Daniel H. Hill made his headquarters on the afternoon of September 20, 1863. Located in the woods, east of Alexander Bridge Road.
Location: Georgia, United States
Date Posted: 2/1/2015 1:56:35 PM
Waymark Code: WMNAM6
Published By: Groundspeak Regular Member Math Teacher
Views: 0

Long Description:
This pyramid of cannon balls marks where Lieut. General Daniel H. Hill made his headquarters on the afternoon of September 20, 1863 during the Battle of Chickamauga, fought September 19–20, 1863.

"Daniel Harvey Hill (July 12, 1821 – September 24, 1889) was a Confederate general during the American Civil War and a Southern scholar. He was known as an aggressive leader, and as an austere, deeply religious man, with a dry, sarcastic humor. He was brother-in-law to Stonewall Jackson, a close friend to both James Longstreet and Joseph E. Johnston, but disagreements with both Robert E. Lee and Braxton Bragg cost him favor with Confederate President Jefferson Davis. Although his military ability was well respected, he was underutilized by the end of the Civil War on account of these political feuds."
Source: Wikipedia - Daniel Harvey Hill



Text:

Headquarters
Hill’s Corps.

Lieut. General Daniel H. Hill
Sept. 20th, 1863, Afternoon


From the marker located across the road at tour stop #2.


The second day begins
Morning brought repeated attacks on the Union breastworks here


By the morning of September 20, 1863, Gen. Braxton Bragg had organized his Confederate army into two wings -- Longstreet on the left and Polk´s here on the right. Bragg ordered Polk to attack at dawn. However, the attack was delayed, in the Federals used the first critical hours of daylight to strengthen their log breastworks.

Finally, at 9:30 a.m. Maj. Gen. John C. Breckinridge´s Confederate Division struck the Union breastworks at this point. Other Confederate units joined them as the attack spread southward along the line of monuments behind you. The pressure of these attacks forced Union commander Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans to move men from his center to stop the attack here on his left.

About noon the futile and costly Confederate charges ended, not be resumed until late afternoon. The federals stood firm behind their log wall, awaiting the outcome of the fighting still raging south of here.


From the NRHP nomination form:

  Structure Number: MT-484(see note)
  LCS ID: 003261




Historical Significance:

  National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
  National Register Date:
10/15/1966

  National Historic Landmark?: No
  Significance Level:
Contributing
 

Short Significance Description:

Monument contributes to national significance of park under NR Criterion A because it represents the national movement among veterans & federal government to commemorate Civil War battlefields. This was the first U.S. national military park.

Short Physical Description

6'2" square at base and 5' high, the monument consists of a pyramid of cannonballs set in cement & painted black, resting on a molded limestone base. Attached to base is a painted metal plaque identifying the headquarters site.


Long Physical Description

Pyramid is made up of artillery shells: 7 wide by 7 deep, and it is 7 layers high.


Monument located within the Chickamauga Battlefield in woods northwest of Tour Stop #2, map site #32.


Material(s)   
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)

1. 
Superstructure
Iron
2. 
Substructure
Limestone
3. 
Superstructure
Limestone
4. 
Superstructure
Concrete



Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:   
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1893
AD
1895
AD
Betts, E. E.
Engineer


My Sources
1. NRHP Narrative
2. Wikipedia - Battle of Chickamauga
3. The Civil War Home - The Chickamauga Campaign - Confederate Order of Battle
4. Wikipedia - Daniel Harvey Hill
5. Civil War Battlefield Monuments - Hill’s Corps. Headquarters Shell Monument






Note
Trailhead Graphics, Inc. has produced a map of the Chickamauga Battlefield showing the locations of all of the monuments and the markers on the battlefield. Each location on the map has a number associated with it that cross-references to an index on the back of the map that has the name of the marker (called the Chick-Chatt NMP monument numbering system). This number corresponds to the structure Number listed on the NPS List of Classified Structures that is normally prefixed with the letters MT for the Chickamauga Battlefield.

Name of Historic District (as listed on the NRHP): Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park

Link to nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com page with the Historic District: [Web Link]

NRHP Historic District Waymark (Optional): [Web Link]

Address:
Reed's Bridge Road Chickamauga National Battlefield Fort Oglethorpe, GA USA 30742 Parking is available on Alexander Bridge Road at N 34° 56.0105 W 85° 15.2947 To reach this monument: Park on Alexander Bridge Road. A path runs east from near the plaques to Breckinridge’s Division (CSA) & 92nd Ohio (USA). Follow this path east. A path running north to Reed's Bridge Road will intersect this path at the Brig. Gen. Benjamin H. Heim headquarters monument. Continue pasted the monument along the same path.


How did you determine the building to be a contributing structure?: Narrative found on the internet (Link provided below)

Optional link to narrative or database: [Web Link]

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Recent Visits/Logs:
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Lat34North visited Hill’s Corps. Headquartes Shell Monument - Chickamauga National Military Park 4/6/2011 Lat34North visited it