Walker's Headquarters Shell Monument - Chickamauga National Military Park
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Lat34North
N 34° 56.151 W 085° 15.136
16S E 659615 N 3867323
Quick Description: This pyramid of cannon balls marks where Major General W.H.T. Walker made his headquarters on the afternoon of September 20, 1863. Located in the woods, east of Alexander Bridge Road.
Location: Georgia, United States
Date Posted: 2/1/2015 11:54:35 AM
Waymark Code: WMNAKR
Published By: Groundspeak Regular Member Math Teacher
Views: 0

Long Description:
This pyramid of cannon balls marks where Major General William H.T. Walker made his headquarters on the afternoon of September 20, 1863 during the Battle of Chickamauga, fought September 19–20, 1863.

"William Henry Talbot Walker (November 26, 1816 – July 22, 1864) was an American soldier. He was a career United States Army officer who fought with distinction during the Mexican-American War, and also served as a Confederate general during the American Civil War. Walker was severely wounded many times in combat, and was killed in action during the 1864 Atlanta Campaign."
Source: Wikipedia - William Henry Talbot Walker


Reserve Corps

Major General W.H.T. Walker
Sept. 20th, 1863, Afternoon

From the marker located across the road at tour stop #2.

The second day begins
Morning brought repeated attacks on the Union breastworks here

By the morning of September 20, 1863, Gen. Braxton Bragg had organized his Confederate army into two wings -- Longstreet on the left and Polk´s here on the right. Bragg ordered Polk to attack at dawn. However, the attack was delayed, in the Federals used the first critical hours of daylight to strengthen their log breastworks.

Finally, at 9:30 a.m. Maj. Gen. John C. Breckinridge´s Confederate Division struck the Union breastworks at this point. Other Confederate units joined them as the attack spread southward along the line of monuments behind you. The pressure of these attacks forced Union commander Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans to move men from his center to stop the attack here on his left.

About noon the futile and costly Confederate charges ended, not be resumed until late afternoon. The federals stood firm behind their log wall, awaiting the outcome of the fighting still raging south of here.

From the NRHP nomination form:

  Structure Number: MT-480(see note)
  LCS ID: 003263

Historical Significance:

  National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
  National Register Date:

  National Historic Landmark?: No
  Significance Level:

Short Significance Description:

Monument contributes to national significance of park under NR Criterion A because it represents the national movement among veterans & federal government to commemorate Civil War battlefields. This was the first U.S. national military park.

Short Physical Description

6'2" square at base and 5' high, the monument consists of a pyramid of cannonballs set in cement & painted black, resting on a molded limestone base. Attached to base is a painted metal plaque identifying the headquarters site.

Long Physical Description

Pyramid is made up of artillery shells: 7 wide by 7 deep, and it is 7 layers high.

Monument located within the Chickamauga Battlefield in woods northwest of Tour Stop #2, map site #32.

Structural Component(s)


Construction Period:
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer Occupation
Betts, E. E.

My Sources
1. NRHP Narrative
2. Wikipedia - Battle of Chickamauga
3. The Civil War Home - The Chickamauga Campaign - Confederate Order of Battle
4. Wikipedia - William H.T. Walker
5. Civil War Battlefield Monuments - Walker's Headquarters Shell Monument

Trailhead Graphics, Inc. has produced a map of the Chickamauga Battlefield showing the locations of all of the monuments and the markers on the battlefield. Each location on the map has a number associated with it that cross-references to an index on the back of the map that has the name of the marker (called the Chick-Chatt NMP monument numbering system). This number corresponds to the structure Number listed on the NPS List of Classified Structures that is normally prefixed with the letters MT for the Chickamauga Battlefield.

Name of Historic District (as listed on the NRHP): Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park

Link to nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com page with the Historic District: [Web Link]

NRHP Historic District Waymark (Optional): [Web Link]

Reed's Bridge Road Chickamauga National Battlefield Fort Oglethorpe, GA USA 30742 Parking is available on Reed's Bridge Road at N 34° 56.5075 W 85° 15.0886 To reach this monument: From the parking area on Reed’s Bridge Road, follow the path south to the marker. Pass the table for Strahl's Brigade (CSA). The path will fork, continue straight (south) along the same path. This path will dead end in to a path running east – west. Alexander’s Bridge and Battleline Roads will be to the west.

How did you determine the building to be a contributing structure?: Narrative found on the internet (Link provided below)

Optional link to narrative or database: [Web Link]

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Recent Visits/Logs:
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Lat34North visited Walker's Headquarters Shell Monument  - Chickamauga National Military Park 4/6/2011 Lat34North visited it