Archaeological site of Acinipo - Andalusia, Spain
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member RakeInTheCache
N 36° 49.914 W 005° 14.425
30S E 300204 N 4078567
Quick Description: Acinipo was a city created for retired soldiers from the Roman legions more than 2,000 years ago, about 20 kilometers from Ronda, near Seville, southern Spain.
Location: Andalucía, Spain
Date Posted: 12/22/2014 12:27:47 PM
Waymark Code: WMN40Z
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member fi67
Views: 0

Long Description:
The ruins of this 32 hectare city are located at 1.000m above sea level. This is an urban area that thrived in the first century AD when it had a population of 5.000. It was mentioned by Pliny and inscriptions to the god Mars and to Victoria Augusta have been found. The city even minted its own money, which features bunches of grapes. It later gave way to the town of Arunda where Ronda now sits, probably because the new site was easier to defend. Acinipo fell in 429 AD.

Up the hill in, the direction of the large monument, there are numerous large piles of stones marking the location of houses. The piles of stones were made by farmers over the ages to recover arable or grazing land area. There is evidence of excavation in this area named "Domus".

Reaching the top of the escarpment behind the large monument, the visitor is suddenly rewarded with the sight of the Roman theatre, large enough to seat 2,000 people and in good condition - complete with an orange tiled orchestra pit and actors' changing rooms. It is suggested the theatre was started in 65 AD and completed about 200 AD.

The latest area to be excavated and partially restored is the "Thermas" or baths. These are located near the lower perimeter fence and can be visited on the way out.

The first news about the site is reported by Lorenzo de Padilla in the 16th century. Fariña del Corral, in 1650, was the first to identify the theater as belonging to the Roman age.
Most Relevant Historical Period: Roman Empire > 27 B.C.

Admission Fee: Free

Opening days/times:
Monday: Closed Tuesday to Saturday: 10.00 to 17.00 Sunday: 09.00 to 14.00

Web Site: [Web Link]

Condition: Partly intact or reconstructed

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