18th United States Infantry Monument - Chickamauga National Military Park
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member iconions
N 34° 55.994 W 085° 15.326
16S E 659332 N 3867027
Quick Description: This granite and limestone Memorial is located near stop 2 on the Alexander Bridge Road in the Chickamauga National Military Park. This is the most southern of the Regular Monuments.
Location: Georgia, United States
Date Posted: 10/26/2014 6:49:09 PM
Waymark Code: WMMQQC
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member silverquill
Views: 1

Long Description:
18th United States Infantry, has this one monument on the Chickamauga Battlefield. Established with other US Regular Army Regiments in the Regular Brigade at Camp Thomas, Ohio July 1861. Participated in the Western Campaigns of the War as a part of the US XIV Army Corps Under MG George Thomas, MG John M. Palmer and MG Jefferson C. Davis.

Text on the front of the marker:

castle with Corps "Acorn" badge centered at the top.
Below the badge is an eagle, shield across the breast, wings spread, grasping oak branches.

18th U.S.
INFANTRY

3rd BRIG. 1st DIV.
14th CORPS
SEPT. 19-20, 1863

STATEMENT OF CASUALTIES
ENGAGED 587
KILLED 45
WOUNDED 187
MISSING 91
TOTAL LOSS 295




From the NRHP nomination form:

  Structure Number: MT-1065
  LCS ID: 003281




Historical Significance:

  National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
  National Register Date:
11/24/1998

  National Historic Landmark?: No
  Significance Level:
Contributing
 

Short Significance Description:

The marker contributes to the national significance of the park under NR Criterion A because it represents the national movement among veterans to commemorate Civil War battlefields. This was the first U.S. national military park.

Short Physical Description

9' x 6' x 10', the Vermont crystal granite monument has alternating rock-faced and smooth-faced portions. Shaft contains raised-letter panels and bas-relief coat of arms. Top is machicolated and features acorn in relief.



Material(s)   
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)

1. 
Superstructure
Granite
2. 
Substructure
Limestone


Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:   
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1890
AD
 
 
 
 


My Sources
1. NRHP
2. Wikipedia - Battle of Chickamauga
3. The Civil War Home - The Chickamauga Campaign - Union Order of Battle
4. Wikipedia - 18th U. S. Infantry Regiment



Note
Trailhead Graphics, Inc. has produced a map of the Chickamauga Battlefield showing the locations of all of the monuments and the markers on the battlefield. Each location on the map has a number associated with it that cross-references to an index on the back of the map that has the name of the marker (called the Chick-Chatt NMP monument numbering system). This number corresponds to the structure Number listed on the NPS List of Classified Structures that is normally prefixed with the letters MT for the Chickamauga Battlefield.

Name of Historic District (as listed on the NRHP): Chickamauga National Military Park

Link to nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com page with the Historic District: [Web Link]

Address:
located to the west of Tour Stop 2 on the Alexander Bridge Road. This marker is the furthest south Regular Monument.


How did you determine the building to be a contributing structure?: Narrative found on the internet (Link provided below)

Optional link to narrative or database: [Web Link]

NRHP Historic District Waymark (Optional): Not listed

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