15th United States Infantry Monument - Chickamauga National Military Park
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member iconions
N 34° 56.002 W 085° 15.331
16S E 659324 N 3867042
Quick Description: This granite and limestone Memorial is located near stop 2 on the Alexander Bridge Road in the Chickamauga National Military Park.
Location: Georgia, United States
Date Posted: 10/25/2014 11:22:13 PM
Waymark Code: WMMQFM
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member silverquill
Views: 2

Long Description:
15th United States Infantry, has this one monument on the Chickamauga Battlefield. The current 15th Infantry was activated during the Civil War on 3 May 1861 by General Order No. 33 with its headquarters first in Wheeling, West Virginia then Cleveland, Ohio, then on to Newport Barracks, Kentucky and finally ending up in Fort Adams, Rhode Island. At the Battle of Shiloh on 7 April 1862, the 15th Infantry was the first new infantry regiment to engage in battle in the Civil War. In April–May 1862, the regiment marched toward and fought in the First Battle of Corinth, Mississippi. By the end of the Civil War, the regiment had fought in 22 major engagements, including Chattanooga, Chickamauga, Murfreesboro, and Atlanta as a part of BG King's Brigade of Johnston's Division, XIV Army Corps of the Army of the Cumberland. The regiment was a key element of the only regular brigade in Sherman's Army. The regiment's crest includes the acorn, the symbol of the Major General George Thomas's XIV Corps, and the mountains of stone to symbolize the corps' firm stand as the "Rock of Chickamauga". The four acorns represent the four major engagements. Following the Civil War the 15th took part in the reconstruction of the south and then performed duty on the frontier-the Indian Wars.

Text on the front of the marker:

artwork of prone soldier behind log wall with the forest in the background

15th U.S. INFTY




Text on the rear of the marker:

IN MEMORY OF THE OFFICERS AND ENLISTED MEN
THE OFFICERS AND ENLISTED MEN
OF THE FIFTEENTH U. S. INFANTRY
WHO WERE KILLED OR DIED OF WOUNDS RECEIVED ON THIS FIELD
SEPTEMBER 19 and 20 1863
STRENGTH 19 OFFICERS 289 MEN
CASUALTIES 14 OFFICERS 262 MEN - CASUALTIES 8 OFFICERS 168 MEN



From the NRHP nomination form:

  Structure Number: MT-1064
  LCS ID: 003279




Historical Significance:

  National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
  National Register Date:
11/24/1998

  National Historic Landmark?: No
  Significance Level:
Contributing
 

Short Significance Description:

The marker contributes to the national significance of the park under NR Criterion A because it represents the national movement among veterans to commemorate Civil War battlefields. This was the first U.S. national military park.

Short Physical Description

10' x 3' x 6', monument consists of a relief carving of a prone infantryman firing from behind a low log parapet with a forest in background. Unit designation is inscribed below the carving. Limestone foundation is exposed.



Material(s)   
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)

1. 
Superstructure
Granite
2. 
Substructure
Limestone


Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:   
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1893
AD
 
 
 
 


My Sources
1. NRHP
2. Wikipedia - Battle of Chickamauga
3. The Civil War Home - The Chickamauga Campaign - Union Order of Battle
4. Wikipedia - 15th U. S. Infantry Regiment



Note
Trailhead Graphics, Inc. has produced a map of the Chickamauga Battlefield showing the locations of all of the monuments and the markers on the battlefield. Each location on the map has a number associated with it that cross-references to an index on the back of the map that has the name of the marker (called the Chick-Chatt NMP monument numbering system). This number corresponds to the structure Number listed on the NPS List of Classified Structures that is normally prefixed with the letters MT for the Chickamauga Battlefield.

Name of Historic District (as listed on the NRHP): Chickamauga National Military Park

Link to nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com page with the Historic District: [Web Link]

Address:
located to the west of Tour Stop 2 on the Alexander Bridge Road. This marker is the closest US Regular Monument to the parking lot of Tour Stop 2.


How did you determine the building to be a contributing structure?: Narrative found on the internet (Link provided below)

Optional link to narrative or database: [Web Link]

NRHP Historic District Waymark (Optional): Not listed

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Recent Visits/Logs:
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iconions visited 15th United States Infantry Monument - Chickamauga National Military Park 9/30/2014 iconions visited it