Berliner Dom - Berlin, Germany
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Marine Biologist
N 52° 31.124 E 013° 24.089
33U E 391537 N 5819936
Quick Description: The current Berliner Dom (English: Berlin Cathedral) was constructed in 1905 in the Neo-Renaissance architectural style.
Location: Berlin, Germany
Date Posted: 10/25/2014 4:24:22 PM
Waymark Code: WMMQDK
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member Dorcadion Team
Views: 7

Long Description:
"Berlin Cathedral (German: Berliner Dom) is the short name for the Evangelical (i.e. Protestant) Supreme Parish and Collegiate Church (German: Oberpfarr- und Domkirche) in Berlin, Germany. It is located on Museum Island in the Mitte borough. The current building was finished in 1905 and is a main work of Historicist architecture of the "Kaiserzeit".

The Dom is the parish church of the congregation Gemeinde der Oberpfarr- und Domkirche zu Berlin, a member of the umbrella organisation Evangelical Church of Berlin-Brandenburg-Silesian Upper Lusatia. The Berlin Cathedral has never been a cathedral in the actual sense of that term since it has never been the seat of a bishop. The bishop of the Evangelical Church in Berlin-Brandenburg (under this name 1945–2003) is based at St. Mary's Church and Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church in Berlin. St. Hedwig's Cathedral serves as the seat of Berlin's Roman Catholic metropolitan bishop."

--Source (visit link)

"The history of the Cathedral on Berlin’s Spree Island began in 1465, when the St. Erasmus Chapel in the newly built royal palace of Cölln on the Spree was elevated to the stature of collegiate church. The German name for the Cathedral, “Dom”, can be traced back to the term “Domkirche”, which was used for such collegiate churches at that time. In 1536, Elector Joachim II moved the “Dom” into the former Dominican church, south of the palace.

With Martin Luther’s support, the elector established the Reformation in 1539, and the “Dom” became a Lutheran church. In 1608, the collegiate church was dissolved, and the Dom was declared the highest parish church in Cölln on the Spree. When Elector Johann Sigismund converted to Calvinism in 1613, the Cathedral became Court and Parish Church.

From 1747 to 1750, Frederick the Great commissioned Johann Boumann the Elder to build a new baroque building to the north of the city palace. After the coffins were transferred from the crypt, the old, dilapidated Cathedral was torn down.

On the occasion of the union of Prussia’s Lutheran and Reformed communities, the interior and exterior of the Cathedral were renovated. The classicistic conversion by Karl Friedrich Schinkel was completed in 1822."

--Source (visit link)
Am Lustgarten Berlin, Germany 10178

Religious affiliation: United Protestant, originally Roman Catholic, from 1539 on Lutheran, Calvinist since 1613, from 1817 on Evangelical Protestant

Date founded or constructed: 1451 (first building), ca. 1345 (2nd bldg), 1750 (3rd bldg), 1905 (4th bldg), 1993 reinaugurated after removal of war destructions

Web site: [Web Link]

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