39th Indiana Mounted Infantry Regiment Monument - Chickamauga National Battlefield
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Lat34North
N 34° 54.453 W 085° 16.335
16S E 657846 N 3864153
Quick Description: This marker to the 39th Indiana Mounted Infantry Regiment is near Wilder's Brigade monument located on Genn-Viniard / Vittetoe Chickamauga Road near driving tour stop 6, Chickamauga National Battlefield Park.
Location: Georgia, United States
Date Posted: 8/18/2014 11:26:34 AM
Waymark Code: WMM9QR
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member iconions
Views: 1

Long Description:
This marker to the 39th Indiana Mounted Infantry Regiment is in recognition of their service during the Battle of Chickamauga, fought September 19–20, 1863. The 39th Indiana Infantry was organized at Indianapolis, Indiana and mustered in for a three year enlistment on August 29, 1861.






Text on the front of the marker:

39th Regt Indiana Mounted Infty.
1st Brigade – Willich, 2nd Div – Johnson,
20th Corps – McCook.



Text on the rear of the marker:

Indiana Tribute
To her
Thirty-ninth Regiment Mounted Infantry.
(Afterwards Eighth Indiana Cavalry)
Colonel Thomas J. Harrison.
First Brigade (Willich)
Second Division (Johnson)
Twentieth Corps (McCook)


September 19th, 1863, marched from McLemore’s Cove to Crawfish Springs conveying trains and engaged with a portion of Wheeler’s Calvary, from dusk until midnight carried 1000 canteens of water from crawfish Springs to suffering soldiers on the battlefield.

September 20th, 1863, armed with Spencer rifles took position early, dismounted, on the line on ridge near Widow Glenn’s, west of Crawfish Springs Road. About 11:45 A.M., with the line, charged upon the enemy here, completely clearing its front. The enemy gave way in disorder, losing beside his killed and wounded about 200 by capture. After holding this position until about 1 o’clock P.M., and no enemy being in its immediate front, the regiment retired leisurely to Chattanooga Valley Road, and thence escorted trains to Chattanooga.

Casualties: three commissioned officers wounded, five enlisted men killed and thirty-two wounded; total forty.



From the NRHP nomination form:

  Structure Number: MT-806
  LCS ID: 008820




Historical Significance:

  National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
  National Register Date:
11/24/1998

  National Historic Landmark?: No
  Significance Level:
Contributing
 

Short Significance Description:

The marker contributes to the national significance of the park under NR Criterion A because it represents the national movement among veterans to commemorate Civil War battlefields. This was the first U.S. national military park.

Short Physical Description

8' x 7' x 13' high, this rock-faced monument has a stepped base with an inscription on top step. Inset panel in shaft contains relief carving of crossed rifle & saber with laurel wreath; state seal is above. Pyramidal roof with stone eagle on top.



Material(s)   
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)

1. 
Substructure
Limestone
2. 
Superstructure
Granite
3. 
Substructure
bronze


Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:   
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1898
AD
 
 
 
 


My Sources
1. NRHP
2. Wikipedia - Battle of Chickamauga
3. The Civil War Home - The Chickamauga Campaign - Union Order of Battle
4. Wikipedia - 39th Regiment Indiana Infantry
5. CWBFM.org - 39th Indiana Mounted Infantry Regiment Monument



Note
Trailhead Graphics, Inc. has produced a map of the Chickamauga Battlefield showing the locations of all of the monuments and the markers on the battlefield. Each location on the map has a number associated with it that cross-references to an index on the back of the map that has the name of the marker (called the Chick-Chatt NMP monument numbering system). This number corresponds to the structure Number listed on the NPS List of Classified Structures that is normally prefixed with the letters MT for the Chickamauga Battlefield.

Name of Historic District (as listed on the NRHP): Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park

Link to nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com page with the Historic District: [Web Link]

NRHP Historic District Waymark (Optional): [Web Link]

Address:
near Wilder's Brigade monument located on Genn-Viniard / Vittetoe Chickamauga Road near driving tour stop 6, Chickamauga National Battlefield Park.


How did you determine the building to be a contributing structure?: Narrative found on the internet (Link provided below)

Optional link to narrative or database: [Web Link]

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Recent Visits/Logs:
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Lat34North visited 39th Indiana Mounted Infantry Regiment Monument - Chickamauga National Battlefield 3/2/2011 Lat34North visited it