1st Battalion Ohio Sharpshooters Monument - Chickamauga National Battlefield
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Lat34North
N 34° 54.467 W 085° 16.384
16S E 657770 N 3864177
Quick Description: This monument to the 1st Battalion Ohio Sharpshooters Monument near Wilder's Brigade monument located on Genn-Viniard / Vittetoe Chickamauga Road near driving tour stop 6, Chickamauga National Battlefield Park.
Location: Georgia, United States
Date Posted: 8/18/2014 10:43:08 AM
Waymark Code: WMM9Q8
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member iconions
Views: 0

Long Description:
This marker to the 1st Battalion Ohio Sharpshooters is in recognition of their service during the Battle of Chickamauga, fought September 19–20, 1863.The 1st Battalion Ohio Sharpshooters was organized from four independent companies of sharpshooters and served at the headquarters of Generals William S. Rosecrans and George H. Thomas, commanders of the Army and Department of the Cumberland, March 1863 through July 1865.






Text on the front of the marker:

Ohio
Sharp
Shooter’s
Attached to
Headquarter
Army of the
Cumberland



Text on the rear of the marker:

Fifth Independent Company, Captain Gresham M. Barber; enrolled and mustard it Camp Cleveland, Ohio, December 5, 1862.

Sixth Independent Company, Lieutenant James H. Reed; enrolled and mustard at Camp Cleveland, the Dec. 30, 1862.

Seventh Independent Company, Captain Watson C. Squire; enrolled and mustard it Camp Cleveland, January 27, 1863.

During September 19, 1863, these companies were together at Crawfish Springs and the Widow Glenn’s House.

On September 20 they were at the Widow Glenn’s, and on the Crawfish Springs road north of that point.



From the NRHP nomination form:

  Structure Number: MT-949
  LCS ID: 003116




Historical Significance:

  National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
  National Register Date:
11/24/1998

  National Historic Landmark?: No
  Significance Level:
Contributing
 

Short Significance Description:

The marker contributes to the national significance of the park under NR Criterion A because it represents the national movement among veterans to commemorate Civil War battlefields. This was the first U.S. national military park.

Short Physical Description

6' x 5' x 10' high, monument has battered base, pedestal with crossed rifles in relief. Shaft has raised-letter panel flanked by rock-faced sections topped by crenellated cornice and rock-faced pyramidal cap.



Long Physical Description

This monument has been moved twice. First in 1966, in advance of a highway project that never happened, the monument was moved 89 feet. Then in 2002, the monument was returned to its original location.



Material(s)   
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)

1. 
Superstructure
Bronze
2. 
Substructure
Limestone
3. 
Superstructure
Granite


Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:   
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1894
AD
 
 
Niehaus, C. H.
Sculptor
2. 
Built
1894
AD
 
 
Vermont Granite Co., Barre, VT
Architect
3. 
Moved
1966
AD
 
 
 
 
4. 
Moved
2002
AD
 
 
 
 


My Sources
1. NRHP
2. Wikipedia - Battle of Chickamauga
3. The Civil War Home - The Chickamauga Campaign - Union Order of Battle
4. Wikipedia - 1st Battalion Ohio Sharpshooters
5. CWBFM.org - 1st Battalion Ohio Sharpshooters Monument



Note
Trailhead Graphics, Inc. has produced a map of the Chickamauga Battlefield showing the locations of all of the monuments and the markers on the battlefield. Each location on the map has a number associated with it that cross-references to an index on the back of the map that has the name of the marker (called the Chick-Chatt NMP monument numbering system). This number corresponds to the structure Number listed on the NPS List of Classified Structures that is normally prefixed with the letters MT for the Chickamauga Battlefield.

Name of Historic District (as listed on the NRHP): Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park

Link to nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com page with the Historic District: [Web Link]

NRHP Historic District Waymark (Optional): [Web Link]

Address:
near Wilder's Brigade monument located on Genn-Viniard / Vittetoe Chickamauga Road near driving tour stop 6, Chickamauga National Battlefield Park.


How did you determine the building to be a contributing structure?: Narrative found on the internet (Link provided below)

Optional link to narrative or database: [Web Link]

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Recent Visits/Logs:
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Lat34North visited 1st Battalion Ohio Sharpshooters Monument - Chickamauga National Battlefield 3/2/2011 Lat34North visited it