Frederick Winsor - Pall Mall, London, UK
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Master Mariner
N 51° 30.389 W 000° 08.069
30U E 698856 N 5710043
Quick Description: This City of Westminster green plaque, to Frederick Winsor, is on the south east side of Pall Mall. At this location he gave a demonstration of street lighting by coal gas.
Location: London, United Kingdom
Date Posted: 8/6/2014 10:43:29 AM
Waymark Code: WMM7V9
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member Norfolk12
Views: 0

Long Description:

The green plaque, that has faded slightly, tells us:

City of Westminster

1763 - 1830
Gave the world's first
demonstration of street
lighting by coal gas,
from a retort
located here
June 1807

Institution of Gas Engineers and Managers

The Made How website tells us about Winsor:

On trips to France and England, Winsor searched for inventions in need of financing and development and, on one occasion, found gas lighting. After trying without success to buy the technology for Philippe Lebon's thermolamp, Winsor built his own gaslight and demonstrated it at London's Lyceum Theatre in 1804. Winsor's chemist did much of the initial work, which was done in competition with William Murdock and his employers, Matthew Boulton and James Watt.

Winsor realized it would be more efficient and profitable to make gas in large amounts, distribute it through underground pipes to several places, and sell the leftover solid "coke" as a low-quality fuel. Such an undertaking would require more money than any single person could provide, so Winsor mounted an advertising campaign that challenged anyone to join him in this bold venture. Although many people made fun of his approach, Winsor won the support of an influential committee in the English government, and in 1807 Winsor and his partners illuminated a garden wall for the king's birthday. They went on to stage the first gas street lighting display in London, England. Parliament finally granted Winsor a charter for the first gas company, National Heat and Light, which was founded in 1812. Ironically, Winsor was ousted from the company's management later that year, and its name was changed to the Gas Light and Coke Company, better known today as British Gas.


Blue Plaque managing agency: City of Westminster

Individual Recognized: Frederick Winsor

Physical Address:
100 Pall Mall
London, United Kingdom

Web Address: [Web Link]

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