Battery C, 1st Ohio Light Artillery Monument - Chickamauga National Battlefield
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Lat34North
N 34° 55.380 W 085° 15.709
16S E 658768 N 3865883
Quick Description: The Battery C, 1st Ohio Light Artillery Monument is located on Poe’s Road (one way) near driving tour stop 3, Chickamauga National Battlefield. Battery C, 1st Ohio Light Artillery occupied this position on Sunday Sept. 20, 1863.
Location: Georgia, United States
Date Posted: 7/15/2014 5:04:05 PM
Waymark Code: WMM3MH
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member ddtfamily
Views: 2

Long Description:
This monument is dedicated to Battery C, 1st Ohio Light Artillery in recognition of their service during the Battle of Chickamauga, fought September 19–20, 1863. The battery was organized Camp Dennison near Cincinnati, Ohio and mustered in for a three year enlistment on September 9, 1861. The regiment was organized as early as 1860 under Ohio's militia laws, under Colonel James Barnett. It marks their location at on Sept. 20, 1863.


Battery C, 1st Ohio Light Artillery


Text on the front of the monument:
Battery C
1st Ohio Light Artillery
Croxton’s Brigade, Brannan’s Division
14th Army Corps



Text on the rear of the monument:
Sept. 19th, 1863, this battery, Lieut. Marco B. Gary commanding, accompanied the brigade into action, but the nature of the ground gave but little opportunity to employee its pieces.

Sept. 20th, occupied this position till about noon, when the break occurred in our line’s, the enemy turned our right; battery faced to the right, guns double-shotted with canister, and fired, with great effect, on advancing lines of enemy. About 1:00 P.M. for want of support was forced to retire.

Loss, killed 4: wounded 9: total 13. Horses killed 26.



From the NRHP nomination form:

  Structure Number: MT-923
  LCS ID: 003053




Historical Significance:

  National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
  National Register Date:
11/24/1998

  National Historic Landmark?: No
  Significance Level:
Contributing
 

Short Significance Description:

Monument contributes to nat'l significance of park under NR Criterion A because it represents national movement among veterans & related groups to commemorate Civil War battlefields. This was the first U.S. national military park.

Short Physical Description

7' x 5'6" x 6', the smooth-faced monument has a battered base and a rectangular shaft containing a bronze tablet depicting an artillery unit in action. Rounded capstone supports a granite artillery tube. North of Poe House site.



Long Physical Description

Monument is located within the Chickamauga Battlefield along Poe Road, map site #138.



Material(s)   
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)

1. 
Superstructure
Bronze
2. 
Substructure
Limestone
3. 
Superstructure
Granite


Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:   
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1894
AD
 
 
Niehaus, C. H.
Sculptor
2. 
Built
1894
AD
 
 
O'Connor, A.
Architect


My Sources
1. NRHP
2. Wikipedia - Battle of Chickamauga
3. The Civil War Home - The Chickamauga Campaign - Union Order of Battle
4. Wikipedia - Battery C, 1st Ohio Light Artillery

Note
Trailhead Graphics, Inc. has produced a map of the Chickamauga Battlefield showing the locations of all of the monuments and the markers on the battlefield. Each location on the map has a number associated with it that cross-references to an index on the back of the map that has the name of the marker (called the Chick-Chatt NMP monument numbering system). This number corresponds to the structure Number listed on the NPS List of Classified Structures that is normally prefixed with the letters MT for the Chickamauga Battlefield.

Name of Historic District (as listed on the NRHP): Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park

Link to nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com page with the Historic District: [Web Link]

NRHP Historic District Waymark (Optional): [Web Link]

Address:
Poe’s Road (one way) near driving tour stop 3, Chickamauga National Battlefield.


How did you determine the building to be a contributing structure?: Narrative found on the internet (Link provided below)

Optional link to narrative or database: [Web Link]

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Recent Visits/Logs:
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Lat34North visited Battery C, 1st Ohio Light Artillery Monument - Chickamauga National Battlefield 3/2/2011 Lat34North visited it