Hallstatt Culture - Hallstatt, Austria
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member RakeInTheCache
N 47° 33.704 E 013° 38.937
33T E 398367 N 5268474
Quick Description: The Hallstatt culture is commonly associated with Proto-Celtic and Celtic populations in the Western Hallstatt zone. It is named for its type site, Hallstatt, a lakeside village in the Austrian Salzkammergut southeast of Salzburg.
Location: Oberösterreich, Austria
Date Posted: 6/26/2014 12:32:39 PM
Waymark Code: WMM0BQ
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member Team Farkle 7
Views: 3

Long Description:
In 1846, Johann Georg Ramsauer (1795–1874) discovered a large prehistoric cemetery near Hallstatt, Austria, which he excavated during the second half of the nineteenth century. Eventually the excavation would yield 1,045 burials.

The community at Hallstatt exploited the salt mines in the area, which had been worked from time to time since the Neolithic period, from the eighth century to fifth century BC. The style and decoration of the grave goods found in the cemetery are very distinctive, and artifacts made in this style are widespread in Europe.

Stratigraphy at the type site, extending from about 1200 BC until around 500 BC, is divided by archaeologists into four phases:

Hallstatt A-B are part of the Bronze Age Urnfield culture. Phase A saw Villanovan influence. In phase B, tumulus (kurgan) burial becomes common, and cremation predominates. The "Hallstatt period" proper is restricted to HaC and HaD (8th to 5th centuries BC), corresponding to the early European Iron Age. Hallstatt D is succeeded by the La Tène culture.
Hallstatt 'C' Swords in Wels Museum, Upper Austria.

Hallstatt C is characterized by the first appearance of iron swords mixed amongst the bronze ones. Inhumation and cremation co-occur. For the final phase, Hallstatt D, only daggers are found in graves ranging from c. 600–500 BC. There are also differences in the pottery and brooches. Burials were mostly inhumations.
Admission Fee (local currency): 8

Opening days/times:
November to March: 11.00 a.m. to 3.00 p.m. (Monday, Tuesday closed) April and October: 10.00 a.m. to 4.00 p.m. (daily) May to September: 10.00 a.m. to 6.00 p.m. (daily)

Web Site: [Web Link]

Condition: Original function apparent in the remains

Visit Instructions:
No special requirements.
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