Alfonso Lopez-Pumarejo - Wilton Crescent, London, UK
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Master Mariner
N 51° 30.031 W 000° 09.260
30U E 697505 N 5709326
Quick Description: This blue plaque is attached to a building on the south west side of Wilton Crescent in London. The plaque is to Alfonso Lopez-Pumarejo.
Location: London, United Kingdom
Date Posted: 5/13/2014 10:56:57 AM
Waymark Code: WMKPWG
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member bill&ben
Views: 0

Long Description:

The blue plaque, that looks a bit faded in places, tells us:

His Excellency
1886 - 1959
Ambassador to the Court of
St James's
Twice President of the
Republic of Columbia
Lived and died here

Wikipedia tells us about His Excellency:

Alfonso López Pumarejo (January 31, 1886 – November 20, 1959) was a two-time Colombian president and political figure, as a member of the Colombian Liberal Party. He served as president of Colombia for the first time between 1934 and 1938 and again between 1942 and 1945.

Alfonso López Pumarejo born in Honda (Tolima), his father Pedro Aquilino López was a great businessman and great mentor of this city. Alfonso López Pumarejo went on to study at the London School of Economics. His son, Alfonso López Michelsen, was president of Colombia between 1974 and 1978.

He was elected president in 1934 almost unopposed, and as the second participant of the so-called Liberal Hegemony in Colombia, his initial government platform became known under the name "Revolución en Marcha" (Marching Revolution), as it attempted to implement far reaching social and political reforms. Several radical changes were promoted during his first administration, as the government supported the creation of labor unions and also passed the Law 200 of 1936, which allowed for the expropriation of private properties, in order to promote "social interest".

These actions earned López Pumarejo the backing of important rural and labor sectors, in addition to that of the Colombian Communist Party, but they likewise divided his previous political allies, some of which called for moderation. The election of his successor Eduardo Santos took place in 1938.

After being re-elected in 1942, the second administration of López Pumarejo faced a stronger opposition in Congress and by both the more conservative and more radical sectors within the president's own Colombian Liberal Party which resulted in the interruption of previous reforms.

When Colombia joined the Allies in declaring war against Axis Germany in July 1943, López Pumarejo strongly supported the decision and simultaneously declared that the government should take into account that the United States would always place its own interests ahead of anything else, implicitly indicating that these may not necessarily coincide with those of Colombia.

To permit López Pumarejo to travel to the United States and care for his sick wife, María Michelsen de López, Darío Echandía assumed the acting presidency of the country from November 17, 1943 to May 16, 1944. This turn of events also prevented the development of further reforms, as López himself was temporarily removed from the political arena.

After his return to the country, further political conflicts led to a failed military coup attempt in 1944, and López Pumarejo finally resigned in early 1945.

In 1946, he was head of the Colombian delegation to the United Nations.

Alfonso López Pumarejo died on November 20, 1959 in London, to which he had travelled as Colombia's ambassador to the United Kingdom. He had lived at 33 Wilton Crescent in Belgravia, Knightsbridge in London for sometime.

Blue Plaque managing agency: Unknown

Individual Recognized: Alfonso Lopez-Pumarejo

Physical Address:
33 Wilton Crescent
London, United Kingdom

Web Address: [Web Link]

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