The Louvre - Paris, France
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Metro2
N 48° 51.666 E 002° 20.138
31U E 451271 N 5412227
Quick Description: The Louvre was once the imperial palace and in 1793 it became one of the largest Museums in the world.
Location: Île-de-France, France
Date Posted: 12/15/2013 11:21:23 PM
Waymark Code: WMJQ0M
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member lumbricus
Views: 12

Long Description:
Amazon's page for this 320 page book about the Museum (visit link) informs us:

"In this stunning book, Alexandra Bonfante-Warren has chosen representative masterpieces from each of the Louvre's seven departments - Egyptian Antiquities, Oriental Antiquities, Greek and Roman Antiquities, Decorative Arts, Sculpture, Paintings, and Drawings - and made them available to armchair visitors in 300 color plate reproductions. Here are tomb paintings and sarcophagi from the Valley of the Kings, devotional altarpieces expressing the religious fervor of the Middle Ages, and masterpieces by Giotto, Raphael, Leonardo, Rembrandt, Rubens, Delacroix, David, Vermeer, and Ingres. The Louvre also contains photos and historical drawings of the architectural development of the fortress-turned-palace-turned- museum, as well as an engaging account of French history that helped form one of the most spectacular collections in the world."

Wikipedia (visit link) adds:

"The Louvre or Louvre Museum ... is one of the world's largest museums and a historic monument. A central landmark of Paris, France, it is located on the Right Bank of the Seine in the 1st arrondissement (district). Nearly 35,000 objects from prehistory to the 21st century are exhibited over an area of 60,600 square metres (652,300 square feet). With more than 8 million visitors each year, the Louvre is the world's most visited museum.

The museum is housed in the Louvre Palace (Palais du Louvre), originally built as a fortress in the late 12th century under Philip II. Remnants of the fortress are visible in the basement of the museum. The building was extended many times to form the present Louvre Palace. In 1682, Louis XIV chose the Palace of Versailles for his household, leaving the Louvre primarily as a place to display the royal collection, including, from 1692, a collection of ancient Greek and Roman sculpture. In 1692, the building was occupied by the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles Lettres and the Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture, which in 1699 held the first of a series of salons. The Académie remained at the Louvre for 100 years. During the French Revolution, the National Assembly decreed that the Louvre should be used as a museum to display the nation's masterpieces.

The museum opened on 10 August 1793 with an exhibition of 537 paintings, the majority of the works being royal and confiscated church property. Because of structural problems with the building, the museum was closed in 1796 until 1801. The collection was increased under Napoleon and the museum renamed the Musée Napoléon. After the defeat of Napoleon at Waterloo, many works seized by his armies were returned to their original owners. The collection was further increased during the reigns of Louis XVIII and Charles X, and during the Second French Empire the museum gained 20,000 pieces. Holdings have grown steadily through donations and gifts since the Third Republic. As of 2008, the collection is divided among eight curatorial departments: Egyptian Antiquities; Near Eastern Antiquities; Greek, Etruscan, and Roman Antiquities; Islamic Art; Sculpture; Decorative Arts; Paintings; Prints and Drawings."
ISBN Number: 0760734909

Author(s): Alexandra Bonfante-Warren

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