Lock 14 South on the Miami & Erie Canal - Troy, Ohio
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Bluejacket01
N 40° 00.122 W 084° 11.510
16T E 739714 N 4431760
Quick Description: Known as 'Boone's lock' or Shaffer's lock', lock 14 is about halfway between Tipp City and Troy. The remnants of the foundations for the lock tender's house are nearby.
Location: Ohio, United States
Date Posted: 10/26/2013 2:35:48 PM
Waymark Code: WMJBV7
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member dtrebilc
Views: 6

Long Description:
Lock 14 is located along the Great Miami River Trail. It is accessible only by walking for a good distance or by bicycle.

From the information marker at the lock: "It all began with the Great Miami River, as the early pioneers sought ways to get their goods to market in New York. The landscape made this an impossible route to drive cattle so the pioneers built flatboats and rafts to float their wheat, corn, lard, furs and flour south to New Orleans, via the Great Miami, Ohio and Mississippi Rivers. The travelers broke up the raft for firewood for the return trip and walked back along the Natchez Trace, 444 miles of road that commemorates an ancient wilderness trail from Natchez, Mississippi to Nashville, Tennessee. Thomas Jefferson suggested a canal as an inland route and in 1825, the General Assembly passed the canal legislation enabling the start of the canal in Middletown, Ohio and continuing to Dayton and Piqua. Piqua then became a boomtown, since all of the goods from Cincinnati and points beyond arrived there: such as coffee, salt, glass windows and other more expensive imported objects. It was then possible to bring raw materials up the canal. Industry was born and new towns bloomed along the waterway.

In front of you is Lock No. 14, which was used to raise or lower the canal boats to a different level of water. Behind you are the remnants of the “lock tender’s” house. Since the canal boats moved only in daylight hours, it was necessary to offer a place for the passengers to spend the night. The “lock tender” rented rooms and offered the passengers whiskey and a hot meal. It was slow going through the locks, as all boats had to wait their turn and many conflicts occurred over the right-of-way to the lock. A lock afforded a place for the people to get off the canal boats to rest, shop or spend the night. Small communities began popping up wherever a lock was located to serve the shopping needs of the passengers aboard the canal boats. The empty canal lock you see was Lock No. 14, known as Boone Lock. Much of the lock is missing, including the wooden wheeler gates which closed in a “V” to contain the water. One of the gates had a small door called a wicket which was opened to allow the water to fill the lock for boats going upstream or to empty the lock for boats going downstream. The gates were opened for the canal boat after the canal lock had reached the depth of water needed in the canal.

There were a variety of canal boats used on the Miami-Erie Canal: Cargo, Passenger, and combination Cargo and Passenger. The last type, the “State Boat”, was rarely used. The “mule skinner” walked the animals on the towpath to provide towing power. The “steersman” on the boat had to compensate for the pull of the mule lines to keep the 50 to 60 tons of goods on a straight path down the canal."

The Miami & Erie Canal was in full operation roughly from 1845 to 1913. Details about the Miami & Erie Canal can be found at the web sites of the Canal Society of Ohio and the American Canal Society (also listed below). Wikipedia contains a good summary of the canal's history, and a number of interesting links, including plat maps of the canal arranged by county.
Waterway Name: The Miami & Erie Canal

Connected Points:
Connected Lake Erie to the Ohio River, from Toledo to Cincinnati, Ohio; for a distance of 200 miles

Type: Lock

Date Opened: 7/1/1845

Date Closed (if applicable): 7/1/1906

Elevation Difference (meters): 2.00

Site Status: Inactive

Web Site: [Web Link]

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