Central Experimental Farm - Ottawa
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Weathervane
N 45° 23.333 W 075° 42.640
18T E 444368 N 5026397
Quick Description: Created in 1886 by the Federal Government, the Central Experimental Farm, over 988 acres in size and approximately 3 kilometres from Parliament Hill, is located within the city limits, on Prince of Wales Drive.
Location: Ontario, Canada
Date Posted: 7/17/2013 12:57:15 PM
Waymark Code: WMHJZ2
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member Jake39
Views: 8

Long Description:
"Eager to introduce profitable new agricultural methods and products, the federal government created the Central Experimental Farm in 1886. The Department of Agriculture selected a rectangular parcel of land, over 400 hectares (988 acres) in area, approximately 3 kilometres from Parliament Hill. Located on a desirable site, due to its variety of soil types and access to land, water, and rail transport, the farm would serve both Ontario and Québec. As the city of Ottawa grew, the Farm was gradually absorbed into the urban environment and is now situated well within the city limits.

The plan of the Farm is based on three clearly defined zones: a central core of administrative, scientific, and functional farm buildings and spaces; the experimental fields, plots, and shelterbelts; and the arboretum, ornamental gardens and experimental hedges. The Farm’s picturesque landscape is the result of a movement promulgated by a 18th-century English aesthetic theorists and practitioners who sought to bring landscape design closer to an idealized nature. One convention of this movement was the adoption of certain standard features of the British country estate, including large stretches of lawn and fields, use of water, masses of trees and shrubbery, and winding pathways. These features, designed to enhance nature’s inherent beauty by emphasizing its irregularity, variety, and intricacy in form, colour, and texture, integrate harmoniously with the administrative, scientific, and functional farm buildings. The Picturesque qualities of the Farm are a significant aspect of the 19th-century philosophy of agriculture.

This philosophy also recommended the use of chemistry and genetics to make farm life more productive and appealing. Its proponents sought to develop better farming methods by applying a new scientific methodology to farming. Since its establishment, the Central Experimental Farm has contributed substantially to the development of Canadian agriculture through scientific research, experimentation, and practical verification. The Farm has addressed issues such as human and animal health, the importation of plants and livestock, the identification and control of imported insect pests, and soil fertility. It also contributed to the expansion of agriculture in western Canada through the development of hardy strains of wheat, and in eastern Canada through research on forages and grasses. The Farm soon became the headquarters of a national system of experimental farms, as its central location and administration served to address a range of national agricultural issues."

Reference: (visit link)
Link to Property in The Ontario Properties Database: [Web Link]

Building or Property Type: Agricultural Building

County or Regional Municipality: Ottawa-Carleton

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elyob visited Central Experimental Farm - Ottawa 11/7/2013 elyob visited it
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