Raccoon Mountain - Chattanooga, TN
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member DougandSandra
N 35° 01.300 W 086° 25.464
16S E 552510 N 3875597
Quick Description: This trail sign is located at Raccoon Mountain Caverns, 319 W Hills Rd. Chattanooga, TN.
Location: Tennessee, United States
Date Posted: 3/9/2013 11:47:09 AM
Waymark Code: WMGHQ1
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member Turtle3863
Views: 2

Long Description:
Raccoon Mountain Cracker Line:
Union Gen. U.S. Grant recognized this Confederate-occupied mountain as the key to supplying his hungry troops in Chattanooga in the fall of 1863. On Oct. 27, 1863, Union forces cleared out Confederate sharpshooters here, opening up the “Cracker Line” of supply into the city.
Information from the trail sign:
In the autumn of 1863, Union Gen. Ulysses S. Grant recognized Raccoon Mountain as a pivotal landscape in the campaign to resupply Federal Troops in Chattanooga following the Battle of Chickamauga. Confederate forces had cut all supply lines into Chattanooga, and rations and material were running low. Grant realized that the mountain was lightly defended. A Confederare brigade manned the eastern slopes, and the 28th Alabama Infantry defended the approach from the Tennessee River. Sharpshooters and artillery make the road from Chattanooga to Jasper on the western side of the Tennessee River impassable. Another supply route was needed, as the current was too fast for boat traffic past Kelley's Ferry where the river narrowed as it flowed between Raccoon Mountain and Walden's Ridge.
Union forces sailed from Bridgeport, Alabama, on October 27, 1863, on the steamship Chattanooga to Kelly's Ferry landing, meeting little resistance. Proceeding through Cummings Gap in Raccoon Mountain (present day US 41 at the Hamilton/Marion County Line) toward Brown's Ferry, they established the Cracker Line (named for the hardtack that soldiers ate) to resupply Chattanooga.
Obar Spring (a few hundred yards to your left), which arises within Raccoon Mountain, was the only year-round source of water in the area. Both sides camped periodically in the area and along Black Creek, which is dry most of the year until it encounters the spring's flow.
Lookout Mountain is the large mountain in front of you and, when weather conditions are just right, an inverted fog layer conceals the peak. Later, the fight for Lookout Mountain would be called "Battle Above the Clouds."
Related Website: [Web Link]

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