South Entrance - Union Canal Tunnel - Union Canal - Lebanon, PA
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Go Boilers!
N 40° 20.933 W 076° 27.643
18T E 375948 N 4467504
Quick Description: Dug through the ridge dividing the waters of the Quittapahilla Creek and Clark’s Run, the tunnel was originally 729 feet long. It is now a tranquil park and the tunnel is still usable.
Location: Pennsylvania, United States
Date Posted: 8/13/2012 8:02:05 PM
Waymark Code: WMF306
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member Dragontree
Views: 28

Long Description:
Designated a National Historic Civil Engineering Landmark in 1970, this tunnel is the oldest existing transportation tunnel in the United States. At the time of its construction, it was considered a work almost unknown in this country. Drilling was done by hand and blasting with gunpowder through argillaceous slate rock with veins of hard flinty limestone 80 feet below the summit of the ridge. Progress of the work was 5 yards lineal per week. Work began May 1825 and was completed in June 1827, at a total cost of $30,404.29. The tunnel’s length was reduced to 600 feet during the canal enlargement in 1858 at a cost of $8,280.00. Simeon Guilford was the engineer in charge, with John B. Ives as contractor. The first boat to pass through the tunnel was The Alpha of Tulpehocken on the morning of June 12, 1827. Boats were poled through the tunnel against the ceiling, while the mules were led over the top of the ridge. In the early 1930s, the Civil Works Administration (CWA) worked on restoring the Tunnel, and the stone marker was dedicated. The boulder was brought by a sled with horses from the South Mountain near Colebrook. On December 29, 1933, upon request of the Lebanon County Historical Society, the Eastern Real Estate Company, successor in title to the Union Canal Company, granted the Lebanon County Historical Society the right to enter upon the property and take steps to preserve the engineering monument. In April, 1950, the Historical Society completed the purchase of the Tunnel and adjacent property.

From (visit link)
Is the Tunnel in Use?: In Use

Which End is this Entrance?: South

Date Constructed: 1/1/1827

Length of Tunnel: 600

Construction Material: Stone

Associated Website: [Web Link]

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Recent Visits/Logs:
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AZTech visited South Entrance - Union Canal Tunnel - Union Canal - Lebanon, PA 7/29/2014 AZTech visited it
Queens Blessing visited South Entrance - Union Canal Tunnel - Union Canal - Lebanon, PA 9/27/2013 Queens Blessing visited it
PaHawkeye visited South Entrance - Union Canal Tunnel - Union Canal - Lebanon, PA 3/8/2013 PaHawkeye visited it

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